Analyzing the records kept in Koza Public Health Center, this study aimed to elucidate tuberculosis (TB) control in Okinwa after World War II. The records included each patient's registration year, name, sex, date of birth, address, occupation, disease classification, treatment classification, bacterial tests, type of chemotherapy, surgical history, length of chemotherapy and ambulatory treatment. Pulmonary TB cases, 5, 289 in total, were the subjects of the present analyses . Based on the date of registration, the patients were assigned to phase I(1952-1961) or phase II (1962-1971), since the treatments changed from the concomitant use of 2 medications (isoniazid and pyrazinamide) in the former to that of 3 medications (streptomycin in addition to the above 2) in the latter . From the viewpoint of public health, medical care for TB patients was markedly improved from phase I to phase II, as exemplified by the decrease in the mean medication period from 3.9 years to 3.1 years and the decrease in the mean control period from 4 .8 years to 4J years. It is concluded that the home therapy system which was introduced to TB contorl in Okinawa in the postwar period to cope with insufficient medical resources, particularly in health centers, functioned effectively.
The present study aimed to determine the criteria for the screening of adolescents at risk. Four hundred and three adolescents (190 males and 213 females) were asked to complete questionnaires about their subjective minor physical symptoms and common behavioral problems. In the second stage of the study, screened adolescents and their parents were interviewed. Data were analyzed statistically using the Hayasi's quantification method of the second type and Pearson's correlation analysis in order to find out the relationships between these symptoms and other risk factors relating to their negative health states. The results indicated that there were some gender related differences of criteria in relation to the number and the type of symptoms and/or problems to identify adolescents at risk. Notably, in male adolescents, focus should be made on the type rather than the number of symptoms and/or problems to be considered, particularly headaches, stuttering, dizziness and so on. On the other hand, female subjects showed no specific symptoms and/or problems, but the case of having more than four symptoms and/or problems was significantly related to the female adolescents at risk. Case studies suggested that adolescents with major psychiatric disorder, e.g. neurosis and ulcerative colitis, showed less minor symptoms and/or common problems than the rest of the subjects.
Changes in food and nutrient intakes on 16 volunteers (male: 8, female: 8) from their preschool age to their adult age (29 years old) were repeatedly investigated by weighing method for three consecutive days in each of 15 times from 1971 to 1996: four occasions in 1971, 1977 and 1980 and once occasion in 1983, 1986 and 1996. The major results obtained were as follows. 1. Height and weight continuously increased from preschool age to the age 20 in male and to junior high school age in female . 2. The increasing pattern of food and nutrient intake was parallel to that of body physique. The individual differences on their intake were minimum in elmentary school age and according to aging they became larger. Significant sexual differences were observed in rice intake after high school age, and in energy and thiamine intakes for all age groups. 3. The largest amount of intake was observed for confectionery in preschool age, for wheat and fruit in elementary school age, for egg and milk in junior high school age, for meat and soybeans in high school age, and for green and yellow vegetables in 29 years old. 4. Food consumption pattern of both male and female from preschool age to junior high school age was categorized as the modern eating pattern. However, most male subjects at the age 29 showed traditional eating pattern, whereas more than half of female subjects slightly showed the traditional eating pattern in high school age, because of dieting, and then returned to modern eating pattern after marriage . 5. These findings suggest that food intake habits are closely related with physical growth and events of marriage and maternity.
This study aimed to investigate the similarities in dietary habits of 196 middleand higher-aged married couples, who were engaged in farming, in Kyushu area, focusing on the couple's similarity in intake of food groups and that in the overall dietary pattern. The results are summarized as follows: 1) The correlation analysis for the couple's intake of food groups proved that high correlation coefficients were found in processed foods, green vegetables, other vegetables, tuberous crops, miso, meats and fishes, whereas low coefficients were in bread/noodles, eggs, fruits, sugars/confectioneries, milk, dairy products and rice. 2) The analysis of deviation pattern similarity demonstrated high similarities of the couples in the overall dietary pattern. 3) When the subject couples were classified by the deviation pattern analysis into three groups, the husbands of the "highly similar" group tended to consume a smaller number of foods and to take small amounts of energy and nutrients while those of the "slightly similar" group tended to consume a larger number of foods .