民族衛生
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66 巻 , 5 号
選択された号の論文の4件中1~4を表示しています
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  • 高石 昌弘
    66 巻 (2000) 5 号 p. 189
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 石津 恵津子, 小澤 亨司, 廣瀬 晃子, 可児 徳子
    66 巻 (2000) 5 号 p. 190-201
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    To raise the level of AIDS awareness among dental hygienist students, effective teaching methods should be established at training schools, because of the limitations of conventional teaching methods that focus on knowledge acquisition. HIV/AIDS awareness was analyzed in 296 dental hygienist students, with a view to find effective means of increasing their awareness. Our principal component analysis found that HIV/AIDS awareness consists of five principal components extracted from general awareness: (a) degree of acceptance, (b) sense of distance, (c) self-defense, (d) lack of sense of emergency concerning infection, and (e) fear of infection in daily life; and three principal components extracted from the awareness of dentistry: (a) degree of acceptance, (b) fear of infection in clinical practice, and (c) ethics as a dental hygienist. Comparing the principal components of the six distinct groups, we could assume that there is a connection between the degree of acceptance of HIV/AIDS on one hand, and AIDS education and clinical experience on the other. Furthermore, in analyzing the relationship between awareness and knowledge, it is presumed that there is a connection between the degree of acceptance in daily life and clinical practice, and knowledge about infection. This results would suggest that knowledge about infection has priority over other types of knowledge in order to raise the level of HIV/AIDS awareness.
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  • 福島 明子
    66 巻 (2000) 5 号 p. 202-215
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a traditional festival, Takachiho-yokagura in Miyazaki prefecture on mood by adapting the theories of the Pleasant Events Schedule by Lewinsohn and Graf (1973). Data gathered from 89 community residents (43 males, 46 females; mean age 47.1 years). Subjects rated how often and how enjoyably they were engaged in 27 activities in the previous week, and their mood by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), respectively, 3 weeks before and just after the festival. From a total perspective, the subjects' depression significantly alleviated after the festival. Participants in the festival (n = 72) were significantly less depressed, and more frequently and enjoyably engaged in the activities than nonparticipants (n = 17). Specifically, kagura-dancers' (n = 10) level of activities exceeded those of other participants. Depressed subjects (mean BDI score = 17.43, n = 21) significantly less enjoyed the activities than nondepressed ones (mean BDI score = 4.93, n = 68) in a festive week. As for psychological sense of the community, active persons toward the community were significantly less depressed than passive ones; individual-oriented person' depression significantly reduced after the festival, whereas cooperation-oriented ones' did not change over time. The present study suggests the significance to investigate festivals again from a new point of mental health in the community.
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  • 胡 飛躍, 丸井 英二
    66 巻 (2000) 5 号 p. 216-223
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    In China, in recent two decades, under the introduction of reform-opening policy, market economy principle was deeply rooted and rapid economic development was achieved. But the economic development also widened the gap between urban and rural areas. How does such change in the society affect the field of health care? This article tried to examine the present situation and challenge ahead from the three points of view: First, the incidence state of main diseases in china. Second, available health services. Third, health insurance system, and the establishment of the policy and systematic frame in distribution of government budget. As a result, the challenges are proposed under the following: (1) The early detection and treatment of non-infectious diseases such as cerebral vascular diseases, heart diseases and malignant tumor; the control of infectious diseases including sexually transmitted disease (STD) such as gonorrhea, syphilis and HIV/AIDS; the prevention of diseases and decrease of mortality especially in rural area in reproductive health. (2) The narrowing of the gap in health facilities, human resources and utilization ratio of available health service between urban and rural area. (3) Providing basic health services to all the inhabitants in health insurance system, and promoting a correction of unbalance in distribution of resources between prevention and treatment in governmental budget financing.
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