The aim of the current study was to clarify the general situation of health behavior and health status of adults in rural areas of Sumbawa Prefecture, West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia, and to assess the indirect influence of development assistance. The participants consisted of 200 inhabitants from two villages, with a total of 100 men and 100 women. One village, Maronge, had benefited from a development assistance project and the other, Lesen, served as the control area. A structured interview survey was carried out. The questionnaire included 61 items such as demography, economic status, health-related lifestyle, sanitary conditions, involvement of health-related community activities, health care-seeking behavior, dietary habits, and health status. Forty seven of these were analysed for the study. Adults in rural areas may have a healthy lifestyle. For example, they may exercise regularly, eat breakfast every day, and have a normal body weight. However, they might have diseases that do not appear in health statistics, such as silu. Significant differences were observed in economic status, physical exercise, smoking, dietary habit, obesity, and care-seeking behavior between the two villages. In Maronge, economic status was higher, more cigarette were smoked, and body mass index (BMI) was higher. Diabetes mellitus and hypertension were also seen. In Lesen, frequency of fish or meat intake was lower and fewer women had regular exercises habit. The current study suggests that development assistance influenced health behavior and health status through income generation.
In recent years, the objection has recited to carry out physical restraints. Development of new tools became pressing need. Side-supports utilize safety catches for users on the beds. The present research was conducted to examine any potential physical influence resulting from differences in adjunctive bed implements. Four women of 21-23 years old, healthy were involved. Subjects were studied for 2 days. A subject sleeps on two kinds of beds so that it may be usual. A subject's sleep level is measured using a vigilance level measurement (Bispectral Index=BIS). A BIS value is the time series. Differences in the sleep data between side rail bed conditions and side support bed conditions were evaluated with Student's t test. In all 4 subjects, the sleep data were significantly different (P<0.0o1). Correlation was shown in the sleep data in side support bed conditions among subjects. Correlation was shown in the sleep data in side rail bed conditions among subjects. The highest correlation was in side support bed. The Pearson's correlation coefficient between a case 1 and a case 2 was 0.597. This concludes that the reaction was in physiology and the body. Influence is brought to the quality of sleep of subjects according to bed conditions.
The aim of the present study was to clarify the relationship between the contents of food and serum fatty acid components in Inner Mongolian. The subjects were 35 premenopausal women aged 35-49 (13 women from a city, 11 from a farming village, and 11 from a grassland area). By using the 24-hour recall method, we evaluated the contents of food and calculated the levels of fatty acid components in food. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to evaluate the differences in levels of the content of food and fatty acid components in food among the 3 districts. Multiple regression analysis was used to evaluate the contribution of the contents of food intake to serum fatty acid components. There were significant differences in levels of the contents of food and fatty acid components in food among the 3 districts. The contents of food significantly contributed to the serum levels of n-3 and n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). These results indicated that, although the contents of food significantly influenced the serum levels of PUFA in Inner Mongolian, food contributing to the serum PUFA levels was different among the 3 districts.