Regarding the noise to which patients are exposed at medical facilities, this study was conducted with the objective of investigating the effects of healing music in comparison with noise from the physiological and psychological standpoints. For the study, 20 healthy subjects (mean ± SD age: 22.4±1.8 years) were exposed to healing music and noise of the type heard at medical facilities in a relaxed state with their eyes open, and changes in the physiological and psychological indicators were evaluated. Special efforts were made to refining the test conditions through such measures as utilization of a tonometric type continuous blood pressure monitor which can continuously measure systolic blood pressure and pulse rate on a beat-to-beat basis, and a questionnaire that can assess short-term changes in emotional state. From the a brain waves %α (the percentage of the total sum power spectra of the entire frequency bandwidth) and changes in the scores of the abbreviated version of the MMS (Multiple Mood Scale) used to assess short-term changes in emotional state, it was found that healing music reduced stress to a significant degree. On the other hand, from the changes in beat-to-beat systolic blood pressure and pulse rate, no definitive effects were observed, which can be attributed to the artistry of the music and a subject's individual traits . Even under such limited test conditions, these findings suggest the possibility of clinical applications for healing music to reduce the stress of young healthy subjects exposed to hospital noise.
An epidemiologic investigation on associations of indoor clothing weight and outdoor activity time was conducted in February for 319 Chinese preschool children. Among a total of 319 children (190 boys and 129 girls) studied, 147 were 3 or 4 years old and the others were 5 or 6 years old. The motor ability and parental rearing attitude were additionally investigated. The present results were compared with those of Japanese preschool children (Tsutomu Araki, 1982). 1. The indoor clothing weight was heavier, while outdoor muscular activity time was shorter, and motor ability was lower in Chinese children as compared to Japanese children. 2. Several problems could be found in rearing attitude for control, obedience and protection among Chinese mothers. The greater number of such problems was associated with shorter time of outdoor activity and heavier indoor clothing weight 3. A multiple regression analysis was performed using indoor clothing weight, outdoor activity time, and motor ability of Chinese children as dependent variables, with gender, age, mother's rearing attitude, and other 17 elements as independent variables . The results indicated that there were significant associations of indoor clothing weight with mother's attitude of worries or dotage and outdoor activity time, as well as between motor ability and outdoor activity time. These results support that the habit of light dressing has an advantage to improve children's function of temperature adjustment, and increase children's motor ability by lengthening outdoor activity time. This conclusion just meet with the speculation by Araki etc.
The purpose of this study was the examination of nursing home care staff's knowledge, attitudes, and image of elderly sexuality and the determination of a possible relationship among them. Nurses and care workers from five nursing homes in Okinawa, Japan volunteered to participate the study. One hundred fifty-two care staff answered and returned the self-administered packet for a response rate of 74.5%, with 126 of the respondents completing the questions appropriately. The packet included questionnaires containing demographic characteristics, institutional factors, the Japanese version of Aging Sexuality Attitudes and Knowledge Scale (ASKASJ) and a Semantic Differential (SD) technique for assessment of respondents' image of elderly sexuality. A computer software package, the SPSS, statistically examined average scores of knowledge, attitudes, and image on elderly sexuality. Additionally, a multiple regression analysis examined variables related to the knowledge, attitudes, and image. Pearson's correlation coefficient was utilized for further assessment of the relationship among them. The study found that "experience of learning elderly sexuality " was significantly related to knowledge, attitudes, and image of elderly sexuality. In addition, there were significant positive correlations between knowledge and attitude scores (r=0.51), knowledge and image (r=0.48), and attitude and image (r=0.38). These findings indicate that education is a key to increasing care staff's knowledge, positive image and attitudes on elderly sexuality. However, only 31.7% of the respondents received education related to elderly sexuality, mostly from sources outside the school setting. We point out the importance of incorporating the topic of elderly sexuality in educational programs. Japanese gerontological nursing educators need to encourage formal inservice programs for care staff and develop school curriculums for nursing students on sexuality in the aged.