民族衛生
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71 巻 , 6 号
選択された号の論文の4件中1~4を表示しています
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  • 赤松 隆
    71 巻 (2005) 6 号 p. 233-234
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 梁 春玉, 高橋 謙造, 王 徳文, 石 紅梅, 丸井 英二
    71 巻 (2005) 6 号 p. 235-243
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    With the decreasing mortality and the enforcement of "only one child family policy", China is becoming an aged society. It will be impossible to provide care for the elderly only depending on family supports when the family structures have changed tremendously and the aging population steep rising. Our study focused on the views of the parents with only one child in family in China. The aim was to identify the problems regarding the health care for the elderly, and analyzed the care needs for the elderly in the future. After 547 college students receiving basic courses in a university in the south China were selected, self-administered questionnaires were mailed to their parents. A total of 331 parents who responded were regarded as research objects (Overall response rate was 60%). The results were as follows. 1) The opinion on the care of the elderly was changing from conventional care provided by family members to the mixture of the family based care and the home care services in one-child family. 2) Since elderly care supported by family is limited, only half of the subjects expressed their worries concerning the health status, economic and health care in the future when they or their family members become old. 3) Regardless of their income level, more than 70 percent intent to use both family's care and home care service. Moreover, they were likely to depend on care centering on home care service as the home annual income became higher. 4) More than 80 percent preferred the institutional care, and they expected the more institutions as a future policy option. 5) As one of the measures against the aged society in China, improving the preventive activities and health care services, increasing the number of medical facilities and improving the quality of home care services is impending.
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  • 瀧澤 透, 田中 尚恵, 渡邉 直樹, 三戸 波子, 大山 博史, 山中 朋子, 山下 志穂, 菅原 育子
    71 巻 (2005) 6 号 p. 244-254
    公開日: 2011/10/21
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this study was to clarify the actual situation of mental health in community dwelling, and the related factors with depressive symptoms among middlelife. Then, these results are use for the mental health promotion and the activities for suicide primary prevention. On the basis of a cross-sectional survey of middle-aged individuals (40-69 years of age), analyses were conducted using full answers of 510 residents (239 male, 271 female) in a farming village in Aomori prefecture. In this investigation, CES-D scale was used for measurement of depressive symptoms in the self-administered questionnaire. The results showed that the stress degree and the stress coping were worse than the whole country. The CES-D score was significantly higher in those who had no hobby or cultural activities, and those who had more stress or economic problem in both sexes. Furthermore, the score was significantly higher in those who did not sleep well. On the other hand, the score did not differ by drinking customs. There results suggest that not only sleep or stress coping but also hobby and culture activities are important in mental health promotion.
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  • Tsuyoshi MATSUBA, Momoko CHIBA, Khongsap Akkhavong, Aporn Sisuraj, Yut ...
    71 巻 (2005) 6 号 p. 255-262
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
     尿路結石症が多発するラオスにおいて,食習慣や生活習慣に関連する因子と疾患発症との関係を明らかにすることを目的に症例対照研究が行われた.尿路結石症例114名および病院ベースでマッチされていない対照97名が調査対象として選ばれた.質問紙を用いて食習慣や生活習慣に関する因子について質問され,各因子についてオッズ比が求められた.また食習慣に関しては,各々の摂取食品項目がどのような因子によって成り立っているのかを明らかにするため因子分析が用いられた.更に共分散構造分析(構造方程式)を用いて食習慣と疾患との間の関係についてモデルを構築しそれぞれの関連を明らかにした.尿路結石は病因の異なる2つのグループ,すなわち上位尿路結石および下位尿路結石に分けられる.下位尿路結石については伝統的な摂取食品項目との間に正の関連を表し,近代的な摂取食品項目との間には負の関連を示した.対照的に上位尿路結石は伝統的な食品項目よりも近代的な食品項目との問により高いパス係数が認められた.ラオスでは今後食生活の近代化によって,下位尿路結石は減少するものの上位尿路結石の罹患は上昇することが考えられる.
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