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72 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の4件中1~4を表示しています
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  • 上田 礼子
    72 巻 (2006) 1 号 p. 1-2
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 艾 斌, 星 旦二
    72 巻 (2006) 1 号 p. 3-14
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    In this research, the authors analyzed for 2, 932 elderly people in Shenyang of China to study a structure of the subjective health of elderly people. By using a covariance structural analysis method, the relation between a subjective health and three potential factors, namely, "disease or infirmity" "activities of daily living" and "human relations", has been considered in according to the advanced age and gender. In the mean time, the relation among the three potential factors has also been analyzed. The main results are as follows; 1. Goodness of Fit Index=0.913 and Adjusted GFI=0.903 were obtained. Due to the structural model of the subjective health centered on three potential factors, this model is shown to be valid. 2. The coefficients of subjective health (R-square) were 55.6% for the first half elderly male, 50.9% for the first half elderly female, 60.9% for the second half elderly male, 56.7% for the second half elderly female, so the subjective health was considered to be mainly determined by the "disease or infirmity", "activities of daily living", and "human relations". 3. For the first half elderly male, the first half elderly female, and the second half elderly female, the "disease or infirmity" had little direct influence on "human relations". However, it was shown that the indirect influence led to "activities of daily living" would be substantial. Meanwhile, among the second half elderly male, there was a close relation of the "disease or infirmity" with the "human relations. This research suggested that, for keeping a high subjective health, it is important to make efforts to improve the activities of daily living and human relations.
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  • Michiyo HASHIMOTO, Nobuhiko HAGURA, Takao KURIYAMA, Midori NISHIYAMAI
    72 巻 (2006) 1 号 p. 15-24
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
     本研究は,ウルトラマラソンをはじめた動機及びユングの理論に基づいて作成された日本語版MBTIを用いてランナーの心理的特質を調べることを目的として,52名のウルトラマラソンランナー(平均年齢45.7歳男性76.9%)を対象にアンケート調査を行った.その結果,ウルトラマラソンをはじめたきっかけは,通常のフルマラソンより長距離を走りたい(38.5%),友人・知人の影響(23 .1%)であった.ウルトラマラソンの継続理由は,到達的,社会的,心理的要因に大別された.ウルトラマラソンは対象者に,達成感を得られる(心理的理由,73.1%),挑戦(到達的理由,46.2%),自分の可能性を広げる(到達的理由,32.7%),他ランナーとの交流・人との出会い(社会的理由,26.9%)などをもたらしていた.MBTIの結果,INFJとISFJの2タイプが日本人の一般人口よりウルトラマラソンランナーに多く見られる心理的特質であることが明らかになった.INFJ/ISFJタイプとそれ以外のタイプ間で,マラソン歴に有意な違いは見られなかったことから,この心理的特質はウルトラマラソンをはじめたことから得られたものではないことが示唆された.本研究から,日本人ウルトラマラソンランナーの特質として,自分の内面により関心を向け,感情を考慮に入れて結論を導くことを好み,計画や秩序に基づいて行動する傾向があることが示された.
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  • 福島 富士子
    72 巻 (2006) 1 号 p. 25-36
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    I have evaluated the 5-year development of the Maternal and Children Health (MCH) promotion plan of municipality by quantitative analysis with comparison between the first MCH promotion plan in 1996 and the second MCH promotion plan revised in 2091 and 2002, in order to clarify problems, regarding a draw-up of the promotional plans, that need to be improved. The research ranged over 2873 municipalities for the first plan and 848 municipalities that turned in the second plan to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, and the evaluation items were based on the concept of Health Promotion. By comparing the results of analysis for those two plans of the municipalities that revised it, the improvement was shown in almost all evaluation items, especially in the following factors. "mention of evaluation", "setting of the numerical goal for outcome", "setting of annual goal", "management of progress", "classification of tasks corresponding to the goal", and so on. Also, it was these municipalities that stated a necessity to include a public health center in the planning committee, current problems, management of progress, numerical goal of activities, and an actual survey for development of the plan, in the first MCH plan. It is evident that the methodology of designing the plan, the evaluation, and the revision based on the evaluation are significant and necessary for development of activities for public health with its plan.
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