民族衛生
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76 巻 , 6 号
選択された号の論文の3件中1~3を表示しています
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原著
  • Mayumi OHNISHI, Keiko NAKAMURA
    76 巻 (2010) 6 号 p. 237-251
    公開日: 2010/12/24
    ジャーナル フリー
    The sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge level and sexual behaviour regarding HIV/AIDS among adolescent orphans were examined. Orphans aged 15-18 years old in Nigeria were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and experience of sexual intercourse. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and their knowledge regarding sexually transmitted infections (STI) and HIV/AIDS. A total of 370 respondents were assessed. Sixty (16.2%) orphans reported having experience of sexual intercourse, and 19 (31.6%) orphans used a condom the last time they had sexual intercourse. The interviewees who were currently attending school had reduced likelihood of having experience of sexual intercourse [odds ratio (OR)=0.315 ; 95% confidence interval (CI) : 0.175, 0.568] . Among male orphans, those with higher scores of knowledge regarding STI and HIV/AIDS were Christian, complete orphans and reported good attitudes of people within the community toward orphans ; among females, those with greater age and completion of primary school showed higher scores. Orphans' health literacy-related avoidance of health risks, such as STI and HIV/AIDS, was dependent not only on age and educational level, but also on level of community support and satisfaction with their life.
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  • 武田 文, 朝倉 隆司, 岡田 加奈子
    76 巻 (2010) 6 号 p. 253-263
    公開日: 2010/12/24
    ジャーナル フリー
    Objective : The objective of this study was to identify factors related to the job satisfaction of Yogo teachers.
    Methods : An anonymous, self-administered survey comprised of items related to background, job satisfaction, occupational stressors, social support and self-esteem was conducted on public elementary and junior high school Yogo teachers in urban areas. The 184 valid responses obtained (valid response rate 62.8%) were analyzed using logistic regression analysis to examine the relationship between job satisfaction and background, occupational stressors, social support and self-esteem.
    Results : Factors significantly related to job satisfaction were “relations with the teacher in charge” stressor and “self esteem”, but not social support. The odds ratios for job satisfaction were 3.4 (p=.016) for those with a low level of “relations with the teacher in charge” stressor against those with a high level, and 3.1 (p=.031) for those with a high level of “self-esteem” against those with a low level.
    Conclusions : Job satisfaction among Yogo teacher is significantly related to the stressor of relations with the teacher in charge and self-esteem, but not related to social support. The findings suggest that improving relations with the teacher in charge and increasing self-esteem are important in increasing job satisfaction of Yogo teacher.
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