Here we investigated the influence of oral pain due to dentures on the food intake of elderly people. The average annual food intake of groups with or without pain was compared. Intake of soybeans, meat and confectionery was significantly higher in the group with pain. Changes in food intake from age 73 (2001) to 74 (2002) were studied. In the group with pain, fruit consumption significantly decreased, but alcohol, mayonnaise, and dressing intake significantly increased ; average intake of vegetables was lower and fruit consumption decreased over time in the pain group. This implies that painful dentures affect the intake of vitamins, minerals and dietary fibers. As painful dentures not only limit food choice but decrease food intake, uncontrolled pain may be a factor leading to poor nutrition, and be hazardous to life in the long run. Improvements in pain control and selection of foods that do not cause pain are needed to improve nutrition of elderly persons with dentures. Less painful dentures might improve QOL and protect the nation's health. We recommend further study of denture users, with and without pain, and by gender.
Investigation of the association between the neighborhood environment (NE) and daily physical activity (PA) is new and limited. The purpose of the study was to clarify the association between NE and PA in a community in Japan. Two types of regions with different residential density, land use mix-diversity, and street connectivity were selected. Residents were selected using a stratified random sampling method. Each resident's NE was objectively and subjectively measured using the Geographic Information System (GIS) and a questionnaire. PA was measured using a pedometer (accelerometer type) and a questionnaire. For female residents, walking time for leisure was significantly longer with a high GIS score for the land use types, and total walking steps and walking time for leisure were higher among those who perceived land use mix-access. For male residents, total walking steps were significantly higher for those who perceived accessibility to working places and hardware stores, and the walking time for leisure was longer for those who perceived accessibility to working places and fast-food restaurants. The study results reveal that mixed land use that is in proximity to several non-residential facilities could promote daily walking steps and walking time. However, there is a sex difference in the association between NE and PA. Studies are needed in various communities with environmental variability in Japan.
The purpose of this study is to clarify the effectiveness and significance of the health education method through using traditional folk song “Lam” in Lao PDR. The study was conducted at a village in Vientiane city with 48 participants. Firstly we collected quantitative data by questionnaire survey and then conducted group interview after listening “Lam” for HIV/AIDS prevention. The qualitative data was analyzed by basic procedure of KJ method. The result showed that the participants with older than 20-year old (p<0.05) and lower education (p<0.05) tended to prefer “Lam”. Through the qualitative analysis, eight categories were extracted ; 1) Interest for Lam talking about HIV/AIDS, 2) Perception for a risky sexual behavior, 3) Knowledge on the HIV/AIDS infection routes, 4) Commitment for HIV/AIDS prevention, 5) Needs for the health education methods, 6) Suggestion for HIV/AIDS education, 7) Consortium with people living with HIV/AIDS, and 8) Characteristics of Lam and its advantages. After listening Lam, the participants received knowledge about HIV/AIDS and formed attitude for HIV/AIDS prevention. This process was influenced by the characteristics of Lam and its advantage such as entertainment, educational function and traditional communication. These result suggested that Lam which has entertainment and educational function can be utilized as an effective media for Lao people to improve knowledge and promote better attitude and behavior. In addition, the educational method through using traditional communication media such as Lam might be effective for the people to memorize and communicate information.