This study was performed to evaluate the effects of sense of humor and presenteeism on mental health in white-collar workers in Japan. The study population consisted of 225 white-collar office workers. The cross sectional study used a self-administered questionnaire about workers’humor style and job stress. Additionally, the demographics and presenteeism data of the population examined by the public health nurse was also combined with the questionnaire data. The results indicated that the difference of gender, age, official post, and presenteeism were associated with the unique humor sense and occupational stress. Aggressive humor score was significantly higher in male workers, while self-enhancing humor score was significantly higher in females. Younger workers below 39 years old scored higher than older ones on affiliative and self-defeating humor. Moreover, the depression and irritation score among workers located near presenteeism workers in the office was significantly higher than others. The multiple regression analysis revealed that employees’self-enhancing humor had negative relationship with their sense of depression, anxiety and vigor. Although aggressive humor also significantly decreased their depression and anxiety, high scores of self-defeating humor led to high negative stresses. Additionally, the vigor score had a tendency to decline among workers near presenteeism employees. It is expected that the organizational climate enhancing the sense of humor may contribute to the implementation of effective stress management for white-collar workers.
Chie ARIJI1, Kensuke SEKI2 and Tetsuya KANEKO2 Introduction : The low pass rate of candidates from the Republic of Indonesia taking the Japanese National Nurse Examination is a matter of national concern. We analyzed their answers to examination questions, and extracted weak points. Methods : We asked Indonesian examinees to reproduce their own answers to 50 compulsory questions in the 100th national examination (2011). They were also requested to extract difficult words, and evaluate the effectiveness of Japanese and English ruby. Results : Data from 42 examinees were analyzed. The only significant difference between two groups of examinees with and without sufficient scores was the years of their stay in Japan. There was no significant difference associated with the occupational or educational history. Japanese and English were judged as meaningless by both high-and middle-scoring groups. A total of 92 difficult words were extracted, and 80% of them were everyday language rather than medical terms. The rate of correctly answered questions with the extracted, difficult words in the text body or appropriate answers was significantly lower. Conclusions : Difficult common words clearly had a negative impact on candidates' score in the national examination, suggesting that daily active communication in Japanese would promote their progress toward passing the examination.
The present study was conducted to evaluate and compare maternal experiences among women from Japan and Tanzania, especially in terms of related customs, beliefs and practices, to gain an understanding of women's cross-cultural ability to face pregnancy and childbirth, through semi-structured interview. Our results demonstrated that when and if utilized appropriately, traditional wisdoms regarding, for example protection against and handling of complications, can play a significant role in improving and maintaining health of women during maternity in Tanzania. However, it is at the same time necessary to mobilize the community to rid of norms and practices which may negatively affect health of women, and establish an environment that support women making their own decisions about pregnancy and childbirth.