The Objective of this paper is to develop a 'Instruction-Learning Model based on constructivism for children's program at the public library' and to measure empirically its usefulness at the public library. For this purpose I try to apply practically its model in ChildrenÅfs Reading Activity Program in Korean Public Library and observe the effect to children. The constructivism model, designed on this study, consists of the instructor factor, the learning environment factor, and the learner factor. Within the framework of the suggested model, I have done an empirical study by the observation method. 25 children have participated on this study over 4 months during September to December in 2004. As the results, I found that the efforts of instructor and learning environment based on the constructivism model have children motivate to get the reflective thought, to articulate their knowledge, reasoning, and to do exploration in the process of problem solving.
Established more than 100 years ago, the Japan Library Association (JLA)is a public corporation that is composed mainly of individual and institutional members within the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. The mission of the JLA is to foster the development of libraries in Japan by assuming a liaison role and promoting cooperation among various types of libraries. There are two long-pending questions in the JLA: relations between individual and institutional members and relations between various types of libraries. Using data and literature on the JLA and election studies in political science, the author examined the member and officer composition of the Association in terms of membership profile, library type, and prefectural area. This research revealed the following points: 1) Institutional members surpass individual members in terms of average of membership registration rate, rate of increase in membership, and share of membership fees. 2) The JLA is composed primarily of members from the public library sector. This has a great influence on the election of individual officers, and the majority of individual officers are elected from the public library sector.
The purpose of this paper is to propose a way to adapt FRBR model more properly to digital resources. FRBR model is a conceptual model for the bibliographic universe to be dealt with in cataloging. This model was reported by IFLA Study Group on the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. Two requirements for the adaptation of this model were drawn from the characteristics of digital resources. One is to represent resources in a flexible way regardless of whether they have a carrier or not (i.e., the difference between packaging resources and networked ones). The other is to represent the structural correspondence between content parts and file parts (i.e., the logical structure and the physical one of a resource). Simultaneously, two viewpoints necessary to define bibliographic entities were discussed: the viewpoint of evolving from an entity at an upper level to another at its lower level, and that of whole-part and part-part mapping between entity instances at different levels. These viewpoints should be used to adapt FRBR model to a certain type of resources. In order to satisfy the first requirement, at the basis of the first viewpoint, FRBR model was modified to a new one that consists of five bibliographic entities: work, expression, file, copy, and packaged copy. Then, from the second viewpoint, the new model was fully discussed whether it satisfies the second requirement and was finally confirmed to do that.