In this study, the author considers some expected requirements for libraries in private universities under the University Ordinance of 1918 and tries to clarify the actual condition of private university libraries during the Taisho Period in Japan. Requirements for private university libraries had been established by the confidential bylaw on approval of the establishment of universities. This study reveals that most of the libraries in the private universities failed to satisfy the requirements when they had the approval of the establishment of universities. It can be said that the University Ordinance laid the foundation for private university libraries and impregnated the related parties with the necessity of university libraries.
The aim of this study is to identify the characteristics of the library collection of the Yokohama American Cultural Center (ACC) by examining of the collection itself. The study also examines whether the collection reflects the objectives and operating policy of ACC. Few studies discuss the collections of ACCs and their predecessors, GHQ/SCAP Civil Information and Education Section (CIE) Information Centers. Although very few ACC collections remain, ACC Bunko of Kanagawa Prefectural Library has preserved and maintained the characteristics of the library collection of CIE Yokohama Information Center and its successor, Yokohama ACC. Research on ACC Bunko was conducted using the following three methods: 1. examining the bibliographical data of individual items, and in some cases, the items themselves; 2. comparing the composition ratio of the collection classified by the ten main classes of the Dewey Decimal Classification and the ratio in the OCLC union catalog; and 3. interview with the staff of the ACC Bunko. It is concluded that the collection in CIE Yokohama Information Center reflected the goal "to provide models of public libraries to the Japanese" and "to democratize and demilitarize Japan," while the collection in Yokohama ACC reflected an intention to publicize and advertise the United States.