Three cases of Sporotrichosis were reported and 178 cases reported in Japan were briefly reviewed. In case 1, a man aged 19, tender nodules of pea-size were noticed on the extensor aspect of left forearm and left upper arm 2 weeks after injury on the left index-finger. While culture for Sporotrichum schenckii was negative, the asteroid tissue form (asteroid body) and isolated spores were histologically demonstrated. The lesions healed with oral administration of potassium iodide in 4 months. In case 2, a girl aged 7, granulomatous nodule had developed on the left lower eyelid following cat scratch. S. schenckii was cultured from the lesion. The isolated spores were histo-logically demonstrated. The lesion improved rapidly with oral administration of potassium iodide in 20 days. In case 3, a boy aged 4, recurrent ulcer had developed on the left frontal region following traumas. S. schenckii was positive on the culture.
A vesicovaginal fistula is one of the most distressing mishaps that can befall a woman. Recently three cases of the disease were experienced in our clinic and were successfully treated with surgery. Etiology: 1. Congenital 2. Severe inflammatory disease of the bladder 3. Gynecological and urological surgery: the most common cause of the disease 4. Cancer of the vagina, bladder, or, most frequently the cervix, with necrosis of the tissue or following radiation therapy Eight cases experienced in our clinic were: one tuberculosis, five gynecological surgery and two cancer. Symptom and diagnosis: Urinary incontinence through the vagina is the chief complaint. The vaginal orifice will be usually found with urine leaking through it by the vaginal speculum, and vesical opening may be discovered cystoscopically. A very small orifice may be found with aid of retrograde or excretory cystography. Treatment: 1. Indwelling urethral catheter drainage: a small fistula surrounded by healthy tissue 2. Surgical repair: the most common treatment For successful surgical repair, we would especially stress the following principal points: 1. Denudation of the fistulous tract 2. Separation of the bladder wall from that of the vagina so wide as to permit closure of the openings in both bladder and vagina without tension 3. Drainage of the bloodclots 4. Diversion of the urinary stream during the entire period of healing