The purpose of this study was to set up tentative game performance standard in net/wall type games for students from 4th grade to 6th grade in elementary school. To achieve the purpose, following task was set: Based on student’s effective/appropriate performance rate in games, tentative game performance was assessed.
In 2009, the participants were twenty three 4th grade students in elementary school. In 2010, the participants were twen ty two 5th grade students in elementary school. In 2011, the participants were twenty two 6th grade students in elementary school.
The game was 3-on-3 modified net type game based on volleyball. To analyze participants’ game performance, their game performances in last games in each unit were videotaped. Game performance was assessed with the score by revised Game Performance Assessment Instrument (GPAI) (Memmert, 2008). As the tentative game performance standard, the score which 70% pupils have achieved was shown.
The main findings were followings:
1.In this study, the tentative game performance standards to be achieved were set up score 50. As a result, game performance standards were set up for pupils from 4th to 6th grade.
2.In receiving the ball, the numbers of appropriate play increased in 5th grade, but the numbers of appropriate play decreased in 6th grade.
3.In tossing the ball, 70% pupils have achieved over 50 score in toss which one can attack in each grade. 70% pupils have achieved appropriate toss in the process of their development.
4.In attacking, most of the student performance has improved. 6th grade students can hit the ball in the direction where they would like to hit. On the other hand, in hitting, it was so hard to achieve expected performance standards in scoring.
The purpose of this study was to examine the learning instruction of the long jump in the third and fourth grades of elementary school children. The subjects in this study were 46 children (23 boys and 23 girls) of the third grade and 50 children (19 boys and 31 girls) of the fourth grade.In the unit of 6 classes, “The rhythm up long jump” (approach run by 9 steps) was practiced as main teaching materials. The skill of the long jump of the children was evaluated through the criteria for observational evaluation of the long jump and the evaluation table about landing with both legs.
As a result, followings were clarified.
1.“The rhythm up long jump” (approach run by 9 steps) was effective in improving the record of the jump as teaching materials of long jump in the third and fourth grades of elementary school children.
2.In the class of long jump in the third and fourth grades of elementary school children, it was important to instruct the technique of landing with both feet set in the landing in addition to landing with both legs, and it was preferable to instruct it to positively in the stage of the third grade about the instruction of the technique of landing.
3.In the fourth grade, it was preferable to instruct the technique of rhythm up in last 3-5 steps in the approach run which decided a count of steps, and it was preferable to instruct the technique of rhythm up in the last phase of the approach run from the stage of the fourth grade.
4.In the class of long jump in the third and fourth grades of elementary school children, it was important to instruct the children to do rhythmical approach run being conscious of steps of the approach run.