We developed a measure regarding interpersonal strategies of emotion regulation, and asked 310 students to report on their daily use. As a result, we gained 7 interpersonal strategies: making others uncomfortable, doing something fun together, making a joke, ruminating together, reassurance seeking, problem solving together, and complaining. The new measure demonstrated appropriate psychometric properties. We found significant gender differences on strategy use and relationships between measures of mental health. Lastly, we discussed the limitations of the current study, and prospects for future studies.
The purpose of this study was to examine how well-being is associated with self-compassion and self-esteem, mediated by coping styles. Two hundred and forty-seven undergraduate students (mean age＝19.37 years, SD＝1.12) completed questionnaires comprised of scales measuring self-compassion, self-esteem, coping styles, and subjective well-being. Covariance structure analysis showed that (a) self-compassion was positively related to positive interpretations, and resulted in good well-being; (b) self-compassion was associated with planning positively; (c) self-esteem was positively related to well-being directly; (d) self-esteem was associated with abandonment and avoidance of responsibility negatively and catharsis positively. Finally, we discussed the different relationships between self-compassion and self-esteem with well-being.
Munashisa, or the feeling of emptiness, is an increasing challenge for elderly people in Japan. To explore how age and gender affect how munashisa is experienced, 250 men and 250 women, aged 60–79 were asked to complete sentences beginning with “Munashisa is.” They also described situations in which munashisa occurs. A text mining analysis of their answers revealed how Japanese elderly people think about or experience munashisa and the situations in which they feel it. It became clear that both gender and age affects the way in which people think about and experience munashisa. This study has shed some light on munashisa among the elderly in Japan, and serves as a base for further study.