Self-awareness of emotions was defined as the ability for recognizing one's various emotions by putting them in words. The test had four questions in which the subjects explained the events and described their feelings when they were happy, angry, received mental pain, and enjoying. The test score was the number of the expressed feelings. The test was performed to 160 female university students with Emotional Intelligence Scale (EI-33) and Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), all of which were conceptually related. The reliability of these three tests were acceptable. Self-awareness of emotions, emotional intelligence, and alexithymia were analized by factor-analysis model of covariance structure analysis. The results revealed that self-awareness of emotions had a positive significant correlation with emotional intelligence and emotional intelligence had a negative significant correlation with alexithymia. These results proved the conceptual relationships among them and supported the construct validity of them. But it was discussed that these tests left much room for improvement.
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors of self-regulation and self-efficacy through factor analyses conducted on elementary school children The relationships among these factors were also investigated via multiple regression. The subjects were 1312 (678 boys and 634 girls) Japanese children from the 3rd to 6th grade of elementary school. Factor analysis yielded four factors of self-regulation, labeled Permissiveness, Self-disclosure, Decision-making, and Uniqueness. In addition two factors of self-efficacy were found, labeled as Perceived Self-Efficacy and Judgement of Ability based on prior achievement. Analysis of variance was used to test for differences on each of the six factor scores as a function of Sex, Grade and their Interaction. In addition, Multiple Regression was used to predict each of the four Self-Regulation scores from Sex, Grade, and the two Self-Efficacy Scores. ANOVA results show effects for Grade but not Sex. Multiple Regression showed that the first three Self-Regulation scores were predicted by each of the Self-Efficacy factors. However, the fourth Self Regulation score was only predicted by the Judgment of Ability factor. Finally, the interactions among factors based on multiple regression were discussed.