Character of research work is mentioned by introducing the author's research history and two of the main research topics briefly. Two aspects of the character, range of application fields, wine opener vs. water supply, and impact with different time scale, hit vs. long tail, are stated.
This is a special issue for female young scientists and students to explain how large potentials they have in nature. The importance of untiring effort in education to grow new generation is also described based on the author's experience. “Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new” (Albert Einstein) --- The youngers must do challenge in life to obtain what you dream of in your hand.
This note provides a biographical sketch of the author, and describes how she has conducted her researches including design of bio-mimetic materials with unique functions and surface forces measurement. Her experiences in biomimetic chemistry have helped her to uniquely pursue the measurement. Examples of her research on surface forces measurements are presented. They include: (1) demonstration of hydrogen-bonded molecular macroclusters formation on silica; (2) development of resonance shear measurement for confined liquids; and (3) development of twin-path surface forces apparatus for opaque samples.
On the occasion of the 100th year awarded Nobel Prize to the first woman, Marie Curie, a guideline message for young women researchers is contributed. The personal education and research history based on the observation of female proportion to male classmates and colleagues are provided and discussed. The aim of this message is to be an inspiration of the students in Japanese community who are hesitating to follow the dream of attending higher education or becoming an expert in technological field. The employments and the promotion in the career of female researchers are increasing by the corporation of research institutions according to the human equality and diversity. At present, the interests from governments, international collaborations and funding organizations are co-operating for improving values of the society. It is the time for the new-generation women researchers to find strong motivations, raise the knowledge to develop innovations for supporting the worldwide community.
Present status of female researchers in Japan is surveyed, being focused on the case of company of Toshiba. Author's career is also shown as an example of Japanese female researchers. The issues in the activity for gender equality promotion are described in the field of science and technology. Finally, the dream which is entrusted to young researchers is mentioned for realizing active societies tolerating diversified values.
After the development period of more than 25 years, Japanese Experimental Module (JEM) of International Space Station (ISS), ‘Kibo’ was completed in July 2009. Kibo is the Japan's first manned space facility and at present is monitored and is operated on 24-h schedules for performing various space experiments. Japanese space engineers went through hard time to develop ‘Kibo’ by adding new manned space development requirements to the existing space development technologies and by coordinating them into the uniquely Japanese technologies. I have been in charge of developing JEM Remote Manipulator System (JEMRMS). In this article, I explain some unique Japanese technologies of Kibo, look back on days of collaborating and communicating with many engineers and introduce the future space development plan.