表面科学
Online ISSN : 1881-4743
Print ISSN : 0388-5321
ISSN-L : 0388-5321
38 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の12件中1~12を表示しています
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特集: ナノ粒子の合成と機能開発の最前線
  • 北澤 啓和, 佃 達哉
    原稿種別: 総合報告
    2017 年 38 巻 1 号 p. 4-11
    発行日: 2017/01/10
    公開日: 2017/01/23
    ジャーナル フリー

    Metal clusters smaller than 2 nm exhibit novel physicochemical properties that are very different from those of the bulk state and strongly depend on their size and structure. The essential requirement for the study of their basic properties and for practical applications is to synthesize clusters as stable compounds while controlling their size with atomic precision. This account summarizes the state-of-the-art methods of size-controlled synthesis and structure determination of gold and silver clusters whose surfaces are passivated by monolayers of thiolates. The origin of the high stabilities of these isolated clusters is explained in terms of the closure of electronic and geometric shells.

  • 今岡 享稔, 山元 公寿
    原稿種別: 研究紹介
    2017 年 38 巻 1 号 p. 12-17
    発行日: 2017/01/10
    公開日: 2017/01/23
    ジャーナル フリー

    The development of dendrimer reactors opened the new research field by the production of metal subnanoparticles with definite atomicities. These precise platinum subnanoparticles exhibited the true catalytic properties, which have been hidden by the conventional synthetic method due to the substantial size distribution. One significant finding was that the several subnanoparticles exhibited much higher oxygen reduction reaction catalytic activity than the conventional platinum nanoparticle (∼3 nm). The result was completely opposite to the common notice that the most catalytically active particle size is ca. 3 nm. Despite of this inconsistence, it was finally concluded that some subnanoparticles have specific surfaces which have higher activities originated from the unique geometric structures.

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  • 亀山 達矢, 桑畑 進, 鳥本 司
    原稿種別: 研究紹介
    2017 年 38 巻 1 号 p. 18-23
    発行日: 2017/01/10
    公開日: 2017/01/23
    ジャーナル フリー

    Multinary I-III-VI2 group semiconductor nanocrystals, such as CuInS2, Cu(InGa)Se2, AgInS2 and their solid solutions with ZnS, have been attracting increasing attention due to their low toxicity, wide range of absorption from UV to visible or near-infrared regions, and tunable energy gap. In this review, we introduce recent progress of solution-phase syntheses of high-quality multinary nanocrystals, which are candidates for alternative materials of Cd- and Pb-based binary nanocrystals showing high toxicity. Physicochemical properties of multinary nanocrystals are tunable depending on their crystal size and chemical composition. For example, nanocrystals of solid solution between AgInS2 and ZnS exhibited strong photoluminescence, the color of which was controlled from red to green with an increase in the ZnS fraction. The controllability of their photochemical properties is useful to develop novel photofunctional materials for the applications, such as photocatalyst and biomolecule marker.

  • 山内 美穂
    原稿種別: 研究紹介
    2017 年 38 巻 1 号 p. 24-29
    発行日: 2017/01/10
    公開日: 2017/01/23
    ジャーナル フリー
    Nanometer-sized alloys composed of more than one element, namely nanoalloys, exhibit unique properties, which depend on their compositions and elemental distributions. In this paper, the author focuses on a simultaneous reduction of metal ions in a liquid phase to produce well mixed solid-solution nanoalloys. For the efficient production of ordered type nanoalloys where constituting elements are regularly arranged in a lattice, a thermal treatment of nanoalloys in a hydrogen atmosphere (TTH) is introduced. An applicability range of the TTH is quantitatively discussed based on a structural transformation rate determined by time-dependent XRD measurements for nanoalloys using a synchrotron diffraction technique. Finally, the author shows novel applications of prepared nanoalloys to catalytic reactions which contribute to reduction of CO2 emission in chemical processes.
  • 山本 崇史, 栄長 泰明
    原稿種別: 研究紹介
    2017 年 38 巻 1 号 p. 30-34
    発行日: 2017/01/10
    公開日: 2017/01/23
    ジャーナル フリー
    Nanoparticles can be broadly defined as a material consisting of hundreds to a few thousand atoms with the size below 20 nm. Nanoparticles have been paid considerable attention, due to the application ranging from magnetic recording media, catalysts, and the field of photonics and bioengineering. Our research group has been focused on the development of a novel magnetic nanoparticle where the photomagnetic effect is present. Herein, we introduce our recent research topics about post-functionalization of the room-temperature ferromagnetic FePt nanoparticle via surface modification. In the photochromic molecules-modified FePt nanoparticles, the room-temperature photomagnetic effect was present with high efficiency. Moreover, in the polymer-modified FePt nanoparticles, heat generation under an alternating magnetic field was present through the hysteresis-loss mechanism.
  • 前之園 信也
    原稿種別: 研究紹介
    2017 年 38 巻 1 号 p. 35-41
    発行日: 2017/01/10
    公開日: 2017/01/23
    ジャーナル フリー

    Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have become readily available thanks to the development of a range of synthetic techniques. In addition, various multifunctional hybrid MNPs have been recently developed for biomedical applications. We review the progress of research on biomedical multifunctional MNPs.

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