The purpose of this study is to examine written narrative of delinquents, and to consider the characteristics of the relationship of the writer and the virtual reader in an institution. 62delinquents(56 male, 6 female) who were in the juvenile classification office and 92 non-delinquents (35 male, 57 female) wrote three important experiences in their lives. Two analyses were conducted for those narratives in the light of writing style. In Analysis 1, delinquents' narratives were compared to that of non-delinquents mainly from grammatical point of view. Then, we can find following result; Delinquents didn't refuse writing, Delinquents wrote episode more politely. In Analysis 2, only delinquents' narratives were analyzed according to its contents. Then, we can find that delinquents seems to described their experiences for many purposes; giving good impression for the virtual reader, intend to get the reader who evaluate their past lives, maintain their own self-esteem, etc. These results were discussed concerning to their developmental task.
The present study investigates satisfaction in peer relationship in terms of self-acceptance and the discrepancies between ideal and real peer relationship. A total of 611 junior high school and high school students (male290, female321) participated in the questionnaire. The results show the following three significant points. (1) The more they recognize the discrepancies between ideal and real peer relationship, the less they are satisfied with their peer relationship. In particular, when they do not have enough trust in their friends to disclose themselves, although they want to do so, their satisfaction in peer relationship is small. (2) The higher the level of self-acceptance, the more they are satisfied in peer relationship. Particularly, when they can feel themselves valuable, they are satisfied in the relationship. (3) Ones with high self-acceptance scores, even when they recognize big discrepancies between ideal and real peer relationship, feel more satisfied than ones with low self-acceptance scores. These results suggest that many experiences they gain from feeling themselves valuable may be important for them to feel satisfaction in peer relationship. (173 words)
In our study, we focused on ordinary female adolescents to investigate how the acceptance of femininity affects the tendency toward eating disorder through the former's effect on self-esteem, degree of satisfaction with one's physique, and consciousness of the opposite sex, by hypothesizing of a causality model for each stage of development. Our subjects were 698 girls whose ages ranged from the upper grades of elementary school to college and university age, and who were surveyed via a questionnaire in regards to their acceptance of femininity, self-esteem, degree of satisfaction with one's physique, consciousness of the opposite sex, and tendency toward eating disorder. Our results indicated that (a) for girls of a junior high school age and older, being unable to have "active acceptance of femininity" increased the "tendency toward eating disorder" because of lowered "self esteem;" (b) with junior high school and high-school students, the path from "degree of satisfaction with one's physique" to "tendency toward eating disorder" disappeared, suggesting that early and middle adolescence was in a state of confusion in terms of physicality; (c) in all stages of development, the "acceptance of femininity" elevated the "tendency toward eating disorder" through former's effect on "consciousness of the opposite sex," sensitivity to the words and actions of the opposite sex acting as a trigger for the "tendency toward eating disorder;" (d) for college and university students, "reluctant acceptance of femininity" makes "self-esteem" lower and induces the "tendency toward eating disorder," suggesting that the adaptation to a traditional female roles induced the "tendency toward eating disorder" through lowered "self-esteem."