青年心理学研究
Online ISSN : 2432-0757
Print ISSN : 0915-3349
25 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の11件中1~11を表示しています
原著
  • 河野 荘子, 岡本 英生, 近藤 淳哉
    原稿種別: 原著
    2013 年 25 巻 1 号 p. 1-11
    発行日: 2013/08/30
    公開日: 2017/05/22
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    本研究は,共感性を多次元的なものと定義し,犯罪者と一般青年との比較を通して,犯罪者の共感性の特徴について明らかにしようとするものである。その結果,犯罪者は,他者の不運な感情体験や苦しみに対して同情的で,何らかの配慮をすることに方向づけられやすい一方で,他者の立場にたって物事をとらえる視点が十分に高くない「アンバランスな共感性」を持つことが示された。また,この状態では,他者の苦しみによって,自分の苦しみが増大することを抑制する自己防御システムが働きにくくなることが推測された。
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  • 宗田 直子, 岡本 祐子
    原稿種別: 原著
    2013 年 25 巻 1 号 p. 13-27
    発行日: 2013/08/30
    公開日: 2017/05/22
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Individuality Based Identity Scale (IBIS) and Relatedness Based Identity Scale (RBIS) were developed. In Study 1, adults and adolescents (N = 521) responded to items based on definitions following Josselson (1992, 1994), Okamoto (1997, 2007), and Yamamoto (1989). Then, factor analysis was conducted on the responses made by participants, which identified 14 factors comprised of 85 items. The study also established the reliability of the 85-items prototype scale (α =.66〜.94). In Study 2, the newly developed scales, the Identity Scale, the Fulfillment Sentiment Instrument and the Ito Sex Role Scale were administered to adults and adolescents (N = 315). Results indicated the validity of the IBIS and RBIS that consisted of 13 factors and 81-items, after dropping one factor with unconfirmed validity. Short versions of IBIS and RBIS consisting of 52-items were developed.
資料
  • 山岸 明子
    原稿種別: 資料
    2013 年 25 巻 1 号 p. 29-43
    発行日: 2013/08/30
    公開日: 2017/05/22
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Effect of the quality of development until adolescence and internal working models (IWM) measured in adolescence on adaptation in adulthood was investigated using longitudinal data from late adolescence to adulthood, in order to clarify stability and changeability of interpersonal cognitions and adaptation. Participants were women (N = 9) in their forties that had written their life histories in 1990 and responded to a questionnaire on IWM and interpersonal cognitions related to IWM in 1991, when they were nursing students. In 2010 they responded to a questionnaire comprised of nearly identical items, as well as questions on their adaptation in adulthood. The participants were also interviewed about their experiences after their graduation, relationships with others, impressions and thoughts about child rearing and their work, as well as others issues, by using semi-structured interviews. Based on their life histories, participants were classified into three groups according to the quality of their relationships with surrounding others, such that there were three participants in each of following groups: (1) Positive; (2) Few problems; and (3) Serious problems. Using interview protocols, we analyzed participants' lifestyle and adaptation in adulthood, separately for each group. The main results were as follows. (1) Those that had good interpersonal relationships until adolescence did not necessarily have good relationships in adulthood: One that grew up in a negative environment as a child had become an adaptive adult. (2) Relationship with others, especially with spouses and their support, as well as the influence of female mentors was an important factor in determining adaptation in adulthood. (3) Childhood experiences became cognitively and consciously weak in adulthood, nevertheless, they continue to influence adult behaviors and emotions. (4) The Positive group was apt to have a sense of fulfillment in their work, and moreover, the group with few problems was apt to consider the family to be more important than work.
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