The purpose of this qualitative study is to elucidate themes related to the process from the beginning of employment seeking until deciding to enter a less desirable company. This study consists of semi-structured interviews of new employees, who were not able to enter the company of their choice. Interviews were analyzed via Modified Grounded Theory Approach (M-GTA). Our results identified 26 concepts, organized into 6 superordinate categories. The central theme of changing future perspectives and expectations united the observations, and divided them into four chronological periods, (1.) Creating an ideal perspective, (2.) Wavering from the ideal perspective, (3.) Avoiding a critical future, and (4.) Creating a temporal perspective. From these results it can be concluded that employment seekers may experience mental instability when realizing that they will not receive the job they desired. However, it is also suggested that many of them settle into their new positions with a degree of acceptance, specifically through setting up a “temporal perspective”.
Identity style is an important concept that focuses on the orientation of identity exploration in the process of identity formation. However, insufficient empirical knowledge on this topic is available in Japan. This research examined features of the function and structure of identity styles by testing the relations between these styles and well-being. Results indicated that information style was positively related with well-being; however, the diffuse-avoidant style was positively related with well-being when commitment was controlled. Moreover, since the scale of normative style in the Identity Style Inventory showed no internal consistency, a revised or new version of the inventory must be developed to obtain further knowledge on identity style among Japanese adolescents.