Ger area is a residential district in the periphery of Ulaanbataar. It has centuries-old housing with traditional nomadic dwelling culture. This study examines the houses and life histories of local residents. A survey was used to identify the following characteristics of the flexible dwelling culture: a housing unit called khashaa, presence of gers and self-built houses, and temporary shared accommodation. Our research showed that the dwelling culture of the Ger area influences on the neighborhood relations and the intention of the residents to improve the district, which aligned with the current development projects that aim to systematize the local residents.
As subject, in two traditional houses in Tokamachi city belonged Heavy-Snow Belt, warmer environment survey was held for improve the energy balance and conserve the historic value in traditional houses. We suggest the method of partial thermal insulation reinforcement. In this study, heating-load reduction effect was made sure by the numerical simulation. Repair work was put in practice. And we seek whole concept of “Contemporary vernacular houses living together with heavy snow.”
The Aim of this research is for the indication of a reorganization method for the living environment in Sanriku village decreasing population by Tsunami disasters. At first it gained perspective on the living environment with documents, field and interview investigation. In second it focused the Momonoura, Ishinomaki-City and made the chronological table and actor network diagram with documents, field and interview investigation to analyze the changing of them. In third it studied the future of the living environment including recovery plan from the Great East Earthquake. Finally it clarified a reorganization method for the living environment.
Kagurasakaue is a dense district of wooden houses where recently commercial use increased by renovating existing houses. It formulates a vital neighborhood maintaining the human scale appearing. The aim of this study is to clarify an agglomeration effect of renovation by analyzing area characteristics of building structure, use, and age. We found that renovated stores in Kagurasakaue are characterized by individual management compared to historic Kagurasakashita district, and the store owners realize their space they prefer by being involved actively to renovation works. On the other hand, there is also difficulty of large scale renovation like structural reinforcement.
This study focuses on the system of placemaking through building up sustainable system and having creative activities at De Ceuvel site with a 10-year lease in Amsterdam North. It is clarified that the public space is managed by multidiciplinary team of creators who belong to the association, as well as the place with social tolarance and active communications is formed by people who are interested in sustainability through surveys of creators and visitors.
This study aimed to reveal the detailed in-building radiation dose rate before and after the decontamination, and to examine the mitigation measures of the spatial radiation dose rate. It turned out that 1) as we measured the change of the spatial radiation dose rates inside and outside of general houses in Fukushima prefecture upon the decontamination operation, and clarified the association between the contamination of the external environment and in-building spatial radiation dose rate. Moreover, 2) we examined the radiation shielding factors of building components for houses, and it was revealed that the shielding factor ratio increases logarithmically as the wall becomes thicker, and we clarified how to apply shielding building materials to actual buildings.
This study examined dividing an open-space room of the nursery facility by children and teachers from two analyses, the child's locomotion and the activity of playing blocks. Firstly, a child aged five years with wearable cameras locomoted while some everyday activities and a goal-directed, and there two kinds of view were compared. Secondly, transition of a block-playing area in the room are observed for 10 months, traced these layouts consisted of blocks and furniture. The open space of the childcare facility is divided into areas by child carers arranging things that infants cannot move, but infants use toys and teaching materials while being restricted bythe layout characteristics of the rooms, It is suggested that the function of the area including movement and stayability will be decided.
This research developed GIS Database that could be accumulated information concerned with living environment, which contributed to disaster prevention and mitigation in urban crowded area for imminent Tokyo metropolitan earthquake, and verified usefulness of this by putting to practical use in participatory workshop. Generally Database had three abilities; accumulating multitiered data storage, selecting information according to needs, disclosing information, in addition it had been cleared that this database was useful as supporting tool which has three functions; simulator for future vision, building consensus with participants, archive of local residents’ opinions, for improving living environment in a process of deciding Machidukuri plan.
Seinaiji district of Achi-mura village, Nagano have been keeping the custom of “out-going” farming called “Dezukuri”. With its steep slopes and deep gorges, it has few patches of plain-land. Under such circumstances, the villagers cultivate on the mountain slope and build a small house in which they stay during summer. But with the development of modern commercial economy and social change, the unique life style has declined with only a few exceptions. This study describes how they managed to maintained the mountain houses and what needs for the cultural inheritance by old peoples who tells stories about the life.
There are many historical towns in Japan where the community accepts migrants in vacant houses. The purpose of this paper is to consider how migrants in historical towns become familiar with the local community. The residents in such historical towns are conservative in general, so it is difficult for the migrants to get into the local community. In this case study on Yame-Fukushima, the two methods are available: 1) the migrants' attitude to accept diversity between the local people and themselves, and to get involved with them. 2) the community's attitude to accommodate migrants willingly in the district.
This study pointed out the following four functions of local communities in community development using vacant houses in rural Japan. The first is researching the distribution and condition of vacant houses. The second is sharing information with the local government. The third is acting as a mediator between the vacant houses and immigrants, and the fourth is supporting the community life of migrants.
Noemi played an important role in the works of the Raymond. Interior design such as furniture, textiles, lightings and Japanese papers that Noemi designed brought harmony to architecture that Antonin designed. They had each roots in Czech Republic and France, then pursued art and architecture in U.S.A. After working with Frank Lloyd Wright, they opened Raymond Architectural Design Office in Japan. “Karuizawa New Studio” which they completed in 1962 is only piece to demonstrate Raymond style in perfection. We digitally archived the studio and materials of “Kitazawa Collection” to reveal the total design of the Raymond.
Moving wooden houses are building technique. As rare cases, we use this technique for preserving important buildings. Open air museums' definition is not clear in museum studies of Japan. Japanese open air museums are influenced of Western culture. But, Japanese open air museums are founded as a purpose of preserving. European open air museums are diverse. Each museum is different.
This paper clarifies changing processes of wet area spaces in the upper and middle class houses during Taisho and Showa era, analyzing the drawings of works by a Japanese architect Isoya Yoshida. We examined the position meanings in flow planning of the house and the interior about kitchen, bath and rest room. As a result, it was confirmed that changes concentrated in around 1940 and early 1950’s. After these turning points, the relation between wet area and public-private characters of the spaces in the house had changed. And it was noticed that using new materials and technologies at the wet area had supported this process.
This research clarifies the mechanism of growth of non-residential uses in detached housing estates and considers the relationship with a use control by zoning. The examination indicates that non-residential uses come from two types, the one whose owner moves into a town for opening, and the other whose owner opens for any reason some years after coming. They differ in terms of location, way of growth, management and etc. and both contribute to a local community. As a result of analysis, it is suggested that a strict use control by zoning has a reducing effect especially on the latter type.
This study proposed an evacuation shelter choice model from great tsunami by using the actual behavioral data collected by the survey of the MILT in the Great East Japan Earthquake. The behavioral data in the flat land of Sendai-city, Natori-city and Iwanuma-city were analyzed. As a result, it was confirmed that “direction to shelter”, “distance to shelter”, “height of shelter” and “footprint of shelter” strongly affected choice of evacuation facility. The covered areas of shelters, where each shelter has the highest choice probability, were drawn by using the estimated model formulas. Compared with previous models, it was shown that the model of this study can make highly accurate covered areas of shelters. When it comes to layout of evacuation shelters, it is necessary to consider scale of shelters and distance between shelters in addition to choice behavior of evacuees on foot and choice behavior of evacuees by car.