Journal of the Japan Veterinary Medical Association
Online ISSN : 2186-0211
Print ISSN : 0446-6454
ISSN-L : 0446-6454
Volume 68 , Issue 9
Showing 1-4 articles out of 4 articles from the selected issue
Farm Animal Medicine and Animal Health
Small Animal Medicine
  • Takehisa SOMA, Shigeki IMAMOTO, Takashi HASE, Akira KATO, Kazuhiro SUN ...
    Type: Short Communication
    2015 Volume 68 Issue 9 Pages 581-585
    Published: September 20, 2015
    Released: October 20, 2015
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    To investigate the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum infections, which are clinically important infectious agents of the nervous system, in dogs, we performed antibody tests for T. gondii and N. caninumn using ELISA with recombinant antigens. Of 1,979 clinically healthy household dogs living in the prefectures of Nara, Hyogo, Wakayama, and Kagawa in 2014, 7.0% were positive for T. gondii antibodies, 4.2% were positive for N. caninum antibodies, and 1.2% were positive for both. Dogs kept outdoors (11.0%) and crossbred dogs (11.3%) showed higher T. gondii antibody positive proportions than dogs kept indoors. Both positive proportions of T. gondii and N. caninum antibodies increased with age in the dogs aged one year or older. However, among the dogs under one year of age, none were T. gondii-positive, whereas 11.1% were positive for N. caninum. The above findings indicate that household dogs have a risk of T. gondii and N. caninum infections in Japan depending on how they are kept.
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Veterinary Public Health, Wildlife and Environmental Conservation
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