Screw claws are characterized by the abnormal precipitous slope of the abaxial hoof wall toward the axial side because the faster growth of the hoof wall on the abaxial side than on the axial side. The deformation allows the rolling of the abaxial hoof wall under the surface of the sole. Such claws ground and load with the outer surfaces of the rolled abaxial hoof wall. Computed tomographic (CT) examinations of cadaverous specimens obtained from seven female Holstein cows with screw claws revealed that these cows had sharp shapes due to osteolysis within the apex of the distal phalanx (3/7: cumulative number of cows/total cows), bony developments within the proximal and middle phalanx (2/7), fractures in the distal phalanx (2/7), bony developments within the distal phalanx (2/7), and deformation in the basal surface of the distal phalanx (1/7). Such bony changes within the phalanxes of the cows with screw claws may occur due to the abnormal mechanical loads on the proximal and middle phalanxes as well as the distal phalanx based on chronic unusual posture.
A nine-year-old female rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) presented with urinary incontinence. Ascites and uterine mass with calcification were observed through abdominal radiography and ultrasonography. Carcinomatous neoplastic cells were observed from cytology and cell block technique for ascites. The uterine mass was composed of carcinomatous and sarcomatous components with osteochondromatous differentiation on histological examination following ovariohysterectomy. Based on the histological findings, the case was diagnosed as a malignant mixed Müllerian tumor, heterologous subtype, supposed to be extremely rare.