The Gotô Islands are under the administration of Nagasaki Prefectural Government in Kyûshû District. These islands consist of more than one hundred isles scattered over an area of 100km. to the northwest of the main island Fukaé, which is situated approximately 92km. away in the due west of the Port Nagasaki. Gotô means five islands, and they are represented by the five principal islands among the above isles, namely, Fukaé, Naru, Wakamatsu, Nakadôri and Uku. The investigation on the fauna of these islands has scarcely been made so far, and I have referred in my report to the following questions: 1. Mammals of the Gotô Islands-I have made a detailed report especially on Musk Shrew Suncus murinus (Linné) brought into the island Fukae from Nagasaki and its neibourhood after the War. It seems that these Musk Shrew were brought in with the ships' cargo, etc. and came to breed there. 2. Regarding reptiles, there seem to be at least 15 species including Sea Turtles and Sea Serpents. I have given a key to discriminate these species. 3. On amphibians: 7 species are now known. However, the number of species is supposed to be increased with further investigation in the future. 4. Among insects, cicadas and butterflies are known to considerable extent. 6 species of cicadas have already been put on record so far. As for butterflies, 45 species have been recorded, the number of the species will be increased up to 60, there being some other common species which have not yet been collected. The noteworthy ones among the above species of butterfly are Papilio memnon thunlergii Siebold, Celastrina argiolus ladonides (de l'Orza), Everes lacturnus kawaii Matsumura, Precis orithya (Linné), Hypolimnas misippus (Linnré), etc
Continued from the Part 2, reported in No. 10 of this journal, the following are described: 1) 90 eggs of 17 first and 3 second clutches were measured and the Size Index (length x width), Shape Index (width/length %) and Volume Index (weight/size index %) were calculated. The details are treated in other separate paper and only the comparison between the first and second clutches is reported. The general trend was smaller and rounder in the second clutches but in a second clutch of a pair the eggs were distinctly larger (in two other pairs smaller). 2) Eggs are hatched on the 12th day of incubation. A chick became strong enough to gape 40-50 minutes after complete hatching. The growth curve in weight a little inclines from the 12th day (but straight in case of the brood of one chick) when the feathers begin to grow. The maximum, 83gm. being the extreme, is reached at the 15th day, and they fly at the average of 77-78gm. on the 21st and 22nd days. Those grew heavier than about 80gm. loose and the light ones below 70gm. gain the weight on flying. 3) In small broods of 2 or 3 chicks the size difference in chicks is rather distinct until flying but in larger broods the growth rate of chicks interchange in course of time and the growth curves become rather uniform. The brood of 4 chicks seems to be most efficient in this 'number effect' in correlation with timing of digestion to become hungry in turn. 4) The correlation with growth of the body length (from shoulder to cloaca), body temperature (below the theigh) and breathing rate (number in 15 seconds) was recorded and from these the nestling period could be divided into three stages: The 1st week, the naked stage, when the breathing rate rarely reaches or overs 20 and the body temperature 35°C at about the 5th day, the Growth Index (body weight/body length %) not reaching 70% until about 6th day. The 2nd week when the feather sheaths appear. The body temperature reaches 39°C and from the 7th day the breathing rate reaches 20-22, which are the average of matured birds, but still decreases to 15-17 by cooling and on the other hand becomes capable of increasing up to 25-28 or 30 in the nest as high as 90-100°C or by feeling 'anxiety' taken in human hand. The Growth Index reaches 90-100% at 10th-13th day. In the 3rd week when the feathers cover the whole body, the body temperature becomes constant and averages at 40°C. The body weight reaches the maximum and the Growth Index overs 100%, but then decreasing with the loss in body weight after 17th day. 5) The increase of body length is rather constant but the body weight, breathing rate and body temperature are very susceptible to the cooling and hunger as shown in Tables 18, 19 and 20. 6) The feeding rate of parents is subject to the age and number of chicks and a case of low feeding rate in the brood of two chicks is reported. At first, the male continues the watching which he used to do during the incubation period and the female needs some time to brood the chicks, which may take rather long time to digest the large food given. 7) The interval of 5 minutes may be the maximum feeding rate for a parent as it flies 100-800m. chiefly in search of secretive Mole-crickets. This means 12 times an hour, hence 24 times an hour by two parents. But the actual most frequent feeding was 14 times an hour. Parents with 7 chicks worked very hard and raised them successfully. Also they worked hard for experimental 9 chicks whose growth was, however, much lower than average (result of 1957). When a parent was lost two and three chicks only could survive from brook sizes of 5 and 4. Individual difference in feeding ability of parents is well reflected in the growth rate of chicks of Nos. 10, 15 and 7 (Fig. 12).