山階鳥類研究所研究報告
Online ISSN : 1883-3659
Print ISSN : 0044-0183
ISSN-L : 0044-0183
1 巻 , 12 号
選択された号の論文の5件中1~5を表示しています
  • 山階 芳麿, 黒田 長久
    1958 年 1 巻 12 号 p. 473-485
    発行日: 1958/12/25
    公開日: 2008/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    Reported here are the organization and activities of Die Vogelschutzwarte am Main, visited by the authors in June 1958. This is one of the seven official West German institutes of bird protection, belonging to one or a few of the provinces. Its main objects are: one, to prevent decrease of any species of birds from the point of view of nature preservation and two, to increase the useful birds, particularly insect-eating small birds, in a simple and least expensive way. It is aimed to raise their density to fifty times as that of present.
    The main activities are: 1) Studies for artificial propagation of useful birds. Unlike the results obtained in England and Holland, the basic investigations on food, breeding biology, movements, population density, so far made here, showed that nesting-site, not food supply, is the principal limiting fact in their forest birds. 2) Instruction of forest wardens (Forstbeamten) concerning bird propagation. Each station instructs 10 wardens, or 350 in entire State, two weeks a year to have them engaged in bird propagation after returning to their provinces.) 3) Cooperation of its own bird-protection wardens (Vertrauensleuten). Four thousand wardens are said to be working for the Frankfurt, a. M. Station. 4) Necessary control of harmful species of birds. 5) Planning of meetings for students, children and general people to study bird protection, and their visits to the station.
    The authors express their hearty gratitudes to the Direstor, Dr. S. Pfeifer for his kind arrangement of the visit, and to Dr. Keil for his friendly guidance.
  • 高島 春雄
    1958 年 1 巻 12 号 p. 486-493
    発行日: 1958/12/25
    公開日: 2008/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 中村 司
    1958 年 1 巻 12 号 p. 494-496
    発行日: 1958/12/25
    公開日: 2008/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    甲状腺の四季に於ける活動性を主としてろ胞の面積を基準として行った。その結果月別変化の傾向は上皮細胞の厚さに類似して二つの山があり,6月が最高で3月が最低である。唯5月の数値は低く又8月が9月より低くなり厚さの場合の傾向とは反対となっている。体重と上皮細胞面積とは負の相関関係が認められるが,甲状腺重量とはさほどの相関はみられない。
  • 沖垣 達
    1958 年 1 巻 12 号 p. 497-500
    発行日: 1958/12/25
    公開日: 2008/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    1)シロネズミおよびハツカネズミに,ヨヒンビンの異性体アムソニンを含むチョウジソウ根粉を連日投与し,体重,睾丸組織,その他について観察した。
    2)シロネズミおよびハツカネズミのいづれにおいても対照実験の結果と何ら異なるところはみられなかった。すなわち,体重の増加も正常であり,また睾丸内における精子形成も正常に行われていた。しかし一部の動物に瞳孔の散大,行動の活溌化がみられた。
  • 佐藤 晶子
    1958 年 1 巻 12 号 p. 501-504
    発行日: 1958/12/25
    公開日: 2008/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    The immature Wistar rats, 35, 40 and 45 days old, received the subcutaneous injections of 30 R. U. 'Hypohorin' and 1000 I. U. 'Serotropin' at an interval of 48 hours, and then the ovaries including oviducts of the treated animals were fixed 14 hours after treatment. They were sectioned and stained for the microscopical observation.
    Ovulation was induced in every ovary under examination (Figs. 2-3). The number of extruded eggs was 186 in total; they vary from 5 to 36 by individual, being 18.6 in an average (Table 1). Microscopical examination revealed that the extruded eggs in induced ovulation showed the second polar spindle persisting at metaphase (Fig. 4). The evidence presented indicates that the eggs obtained by artificial ovulation in immature rats passed the maturation process in a regular manner. Probably they are capable of fertilization.
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