Development engineering
Online ISSN : 2185-2480
Print ISSN : 1343-7623
ISSN-L : 1343-7623
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Showing 1-27 articles out of 27 articles from the selected issue
SPECIAL ARTICLES
  • — Model of Banso Logistics Co., Ltd. —
    Takeshi Kishigami
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 9-12
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    We all over the world are facing unprecedented situation, which is occurred by COVID-19 in 2020. This gives, fortunately or unfortunately, all the people the opportunity to take us into consideration deeply about what is working. COVID-19 is giving birth new working practice and promoting it in the society. It is called “At home work” or “Remote work”. In the meantime, I have established startup company in 2018. I have been exploring new-modeled organization structure comparing to conventional model which is the pyramid model. I have repeatedly tried and made errors in order to realize an ideal organization for 3 years. “Ideal organization” in this sentence means how suitable to adapt to my company culture and business model. I utilize a framework to research ideal organization. It is “Scenario Planning”. This is the frame work to enable us to anticipate the 4 future and lead us to cope with each scenario. I have drawn 4 scenarios of 2025 in era about working style in Japan society and tried to find the better way in my company by actual result.

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  • Nobuhiro Suda, Shigetsune Yamoto
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 13-17
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This paper describes that improving individual productivity eventually contributes to individual wellbeing. To date, there have been several studies that have shown that 1) companies need to focus on employees’ willingness to learn for their personal development, 2) employees are eager to make valuable contribution in their workplace being driven by sense of accomplishment, 3) corporate transformation requires to buy in employees with demonstrating successive tangible results. The purpose of this paper is to verify these studies as valid throughout BASF Japan “WIN project” (Work style INnovation project), which drives flexible workstyle as well as improving productivity. This paper reports the results and insights that can be gleaned from its quantitative and qualitative findings throughout employees’ survey. “WIN project” has demonstrated that the company could improve its productivity by fostering diversity of its employees’ value, making it a corporate objective for employees to continue learning. It was also confirmed that a key success factor for corporate transformation is to focus on eliminating impediment factors for leaning. Consequently, both individual productivity and individual wellbeing could be achieved, which should be an enabler for corporate sustainable growth.

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  • — Practice of Transformational Leadership and Shared Leadership —
    Kana Kusano, Shigetsune Yamoto
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 19-23
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This Paper describes transformational leadership and shared leadership effectiveness in remote work environment. To date, there have been several studies that have shown that it is effective to involve diverse human resources and empower them for corporate growth. The purpose of this paper is to consider whether those leaderships are applicable in the remote work thrust by COVID-19. In this paper, we report a success of global company’s transformation in the remote management and consider how to engage human resources in the remote environment with limited communication. Flat organization and frequent and open communications play great roles to build trust and devolve job autonomy as well as to take corporate vision as our own. Accordingly, employees and companies would build win-win relationship as employees can stay motivated and create corporate value with speedy decisions.

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  • Atsushi Takigawa
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 25-28
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    With so much uncertainty about the future after COVID-19, company management must set globally agreeable goals such as for the sustainable development goals (SDGs) and seek to build competitive advantage tied to those goals, instead of just comparing themselves to the competition. This new approach for developing new technology and turning it into a commercial success by “leveraging happenstances to create solutions for various social issues while making necessary preparations, with enough digital transformation” will become increasingly important.

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  • Takumi Goto, Sadayo Hirata
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 29-32
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    If the intelligence explosion occurs before researchers and policymakers can provide adequate measures, not only will traditional jobs become unnecessary, but it could affect the formation and growth of human intelligence and, ultimately, human existence. In order to avoid this problem, we need to understand the collaboration between AI and humans as soon as possible, and consider the challenges and solutions. The purpose of this paper is to discuss not whether AI or ASI are going to steal human jobs, but rather the ideal way to optimally collaborate between AI or ASI and humans. Among other things, this study focuses on the acquisition of knowledge that humans gradually form through their experience of “working”. In this study, we collected data on the work of research students during transitional stages of intelligence formation through interviews. As a result, effective intentions and actions were specifically extracted to form and grow human wisdom. Although it was a limited investigation, it is significant that the complex relationships of human will and action were specifically identified as a starting point to clarify the optimal collaboration between AI and humans.

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  • — Aiming for regional recycling agriculture with technology and human resources —
    Takatoshi Yamanaka, Shuuichi Gouma, Yoshimi Kayukawa
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 33-36
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In this paper, we will construct a new agricultural/agricultural farming system that meets the needs for safe, nutritious and highly functional foodstuffs, and can systematically and stably produce and supply agricultural products. We will present a method of a sustainable regional circulation-type agricultural ecosystem that implements the constructed mechanism as a business.

    This will lead to the creation of new jobs for agricultural inexperienced people, active seniors, and people with disabilities, due to the increase in the agricultural-related population due to the participation of corporations in other industries and inexperienced people in agriculture. It contributes to the economic effect to the area and the vitality to the area, and can be expected to revitalize the area.

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  • — Observations from Toyota’s Woven City case study —
    Daisuke Sakuma, Kazuhiko Kato
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 37-40
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The purpose of this paper is to summarize the background to Toyota’s platform strategy of the smart city concept, and to discuss the merits and demerits of the WTA (Winner Takes All) strategy in the field of urban operating systems by comparing it with the case of two competing companies. Firstly, this paper introduces the inevitability of Toyota’s choice of this strategy by sorting out the factors. As a result, this paper discusses the urban operating systems platform strategy from the perspective of the WTA formation mechanism and suggests that the success of a company’s WTA strategy does not necessarily lead to benefits for urban residents.

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  • Katsumi Nakane, Shigetsune Yamoto
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 41-44
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Color coordination is an important fashion advice in which a specialist selects an appropriate color for a person after a series of conversations with the person based on an intuitive image of the person’s appearance. In other words, color coordination is an intuitive process that utilizes the expert’s implicit knowledge.

    In this study, we conducted an experiment to confirm that hair texture, an external characteristic that has not been considered in conventional color coordination, affects the color coordination proposal.

    As a result, it was confirmed that many people with frizzy hair tend to be suitable for light tones and many people with straight hair tend to be suitable for dark tones. In other words, hair texture influences color coordination suggestions, and we believe that the factor of hair texture should be taken into account for color coordination suggestions that are now being formalized by the introduction of applications.

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  • — A case study of IT education —
    Takeshi Koyama
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 45-48
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    REA model is accounting model with event approach, which was proposed by William McCarthy, and studied as business ontology. The REA model is suitable to describe business architecture with three elements such as Resource, Event and Agent. One of the field utilizing REA model is education of enterprise information systems. The author have an opportunity of a class for fundamental understanding of ERP, Enterprise Resource Planning, systems. This paper describes its objectives, issues and results for business IT education with using the REA model. Several findings are reported to consider business IT education in future. Lastly the necessity of its education is proposed in order to keep understanding of business process for not only students but also managers in business firms and programmers. The idea of further study ofIT education is described.

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  • — An observation through a case of the alliance of Toyota Motor Corporation and Softbank Corp. —
    Ichiro Yamashiro, Kazuhiko Kato
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 49-52
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    “Movable Estate” are multi-purpose spaces created on vehicles that are realized by the spread of MaaS (Mobility as a Service) and autonomous driving. This paper has two purposes. First purpose is to position the strategy of creating movable estate by MaaS using IoT and AI as a new innovation. Second purpose is to raise a hypothesis of a model of creating movable estate through refering to Toyota Motor Corporation’s cases of introduction to local governments and examining the issues of its strategy (in particular, regarding the undevelopment of Japanese laws and regulations of movable estate).

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  • Keisuke Mori, Shigetsune Yamoto
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 53-56
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Ambidextrous management, which is the integration of the different organizational capabilities of “exploration” and “exploitation,” has become an important theme for innovative companies.

    Conventional research in product development has analyzed the relationship between the research and development department and the product development department from the perspective of “exploration” and “exploitation”. However, in reality, organizations such as the marketing department, the operation department, etc. also support the product development.

    The purpose of this study was to focus on “support organizations” to clarify their roles in the product development from the perspective of “exploration” and “exploitation”. We analyzed the technical reports of research and product development results published by Mitsubishi Electric Corp., and showed that “supportive organizations” contributed to the effective combination of “exploration and exploitation”.

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  • Sanae Aoyama, Sadayo Hirata
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 57-60
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Due to the global epidemic of COVID-19, it is feared that the mental health of people such as anxiety and depression will deteriorate. Essential oils are used overseas as complementary and alternative medicine, and their effects on anxiety and depression have been reported. However, it is mainly sold as an air freshener in Japan and is mainly used by women. By investigating the demands for essential oils and developing new products that are easier for more people to use, we thought that it would lead to sales expansion of essential oils and could easily improve mental health. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the age and gender difference in the extraction of requirements for essential oil products for Japanese. For that purpose, we first conducted a free-form questionnaire survey. Next, based on the questionnaire data, Correspondence analysis was performed using text mining. As a result, we were able to extract the age and the specific requirements of men and women.

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  • — A study of the importance of supplier sourcing for the case of “Development Procurement” —
    Jinya Tsutsui, Shigetsune Yamoto
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 61-64
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The role of procurement team in a company has been increasing year by year, and the importance of development procurement is being focused on more and more instead of the conventional purchasing. And it has been found that the procurement strategy needs to be balanced between exploration and exploitation to achieve good results for the company. In this paper, we have shown through a case that it is effective for procurement team to do technology sourcing by utilizing its technological knowledge and supplier information. This enables the development team to focus on evaluation and examination of the technology that the procurement team has searched for. Then the development of new products will become more efficient.

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  • — High-performance Housing that Supports Regional Revitalization for a Long Time —
    Toshio Kinoshita
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 65-68
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Insurance companies have a lot of information about risks and accidents. They analyze these data to calculate the amount of risk and revise insurance premiums. It contributes to the stabilization of insurance system.

    However, such valuable information is not used for quality and performance improvement of products.

    Therefore, by focusing on “change of spatial concept”, “expansion of insurance concept” and “evolution of technology”, I’d like to propose a system for improving housing performance by utilizing abundant information of insurance. High performance housing realized by this system will support regional revitalization for a long time.

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  • Yukio Yoda
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 69-72
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Facing Covid-19 pandemic, the creation and implementation of new norms of living, working and economic activities are sought through the world. Based on the proposal of “Liberation from the closed Box” by Mr Kengo Kuma, the new paradigm for the 21st century that combines new norms of urban design and use of natural energy and 5G ICT is outlined. And we show, briefly, a procedure for urban redesign, regional revitalization, and new business creation through multiple functions of Green City Fund.

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  • — A Study on Recursive Urban Disaster Prevention that Regenerates Nature from Monoculture —
    Shoichi Mochida
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 73-76
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The urban blockade caused by the pandemic shows the image of the world where the risk of everyday/emergency fluctuations becomes normal as the “new normal” of nature and human beings in The Anthropocene. The historical and cultural transformation of urban disaster prevention and prevention comes from the emergence of defense against the dynamic forces of nature.

    In this paper, in order to capture the state of the city in The Anthropocene from various aspects of disasters, ①Types of urban disasters and risk portfolios. ②Monoculture as a disaster factor. ③Power matrix of city and nature. Was discussed.

    Finally, we have found that cities that have been established based on “wealth extracted/mined” from nature have a tendency to reverse their roles to those that regenerate the power of nature in the wake of disasters. With the above, we propose an urban culture in which social survival and continuity in “With Colona” change from a primitive dimension to a recursive dimension.

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  • — From Case Analysis of Smart Infrastructure in Industrial Organization —
    Makito Nago, Masaaki Sato
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 77-80
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In order to build the vision of engineering industry for sustaining regional community coping with super aging society in Japan, the new business research group in Engineering Advancement Association of Japan (ENAA) has been examining the ideal form of social infrastructure incorporating the latest smart technology and infrastructure business. Based on the prospects of “Society 5.0”, “Smart City”, and “Super City” projects in Japanese government policy, we focus the developing process through holistic approach of typical type of compact/smart city cases. Conducting field survey and case analysis of Toyama city, Strasburg city and Copenhagen city selected as typical successful cases, we show the demanded state of smart infrastructure and the possibilities of the related business introduction and continuity in each case. The case analysis involves roadmapping process with hierarchical layers such as social issues, service/business, infrastructure, smart technology (IoT, AI, RT) where various measures in each local government case are mapped.

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  • — Case study on initiatives of regional financial institutions —
    Keiji Yashiki
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 81-84
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In Japan, strengthening the competitiveness of local industries is mentioned as one of the main measures for the problem of shrinking regional economies. Various players are co-operating to improve productivity and efficiency of local industries. The active involvement of regional financial institutions is expected due to the sophisticated financial functions in the region. On the other hand, the business environment of regional financial institutions continues to be severe, and it is necessary to change to a sustainable business model in order to improve productivity of regional companies and contribute to the development of regional economies.

    The purpose of this research is to clarify the value co-creation mechanism of regional financial services based on a case study of regional financial institutions’ activities in revitalizing regional economies. This research has implications for measures for sustainable regional finance and regional economic revitalization. In addition, this research shows practical implications for value co-creation not only by regional financial services but also by community-based service providers.

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  • — A Case Analysis of Destination Management Organization (DMO) Tokyo-Roppongi —
    Aki Shimbo, Youji Kohda
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 85-88
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In this study, we emphasize the relative importance of management in developing new resources worth visiting called Unique Venue (UniqV), by drawing on findings from a case study of a Destination Management / Marketing Organization (DMO) based on an interview to the executive director of DMO Tokyo-Roppongi. The study shows that successful venuedevelopment is contingent upon the quantity and quality of the prevision of educational opportunities, the guarantee of access beyond the boundaries of the organization, and the sharing of service storytelling, through exchanging resources under the DMO management. The study also finds that specific management of DMO in venue development influences human behavior, goals or motivation in the resource co-creation process. The study concludes that the ability of these organization to co-create value is contingent on the level of area connectivity between human entities which engage themselves in service, more so than DMO that manage the process.

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  • — Example of a system-introducing company with inter-organizational cooperation —
    Asami Kishi, Mayumi Tsuchiyama
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 89-92
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Japanese Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are not systematized. Furthermore, according to previous studies, it is said that there are various problems such as lack of knowledge of systemization and lack of recognition of influence on related organizations in work involving inter-organizational cooperation.In this research, we investigated whether simulated experiences using card games would be effective in solving problems. As a result of the survey, the cognitive gap was noticed, but it could not be said to be effective. However, there is a possibility that it will be possible to make the pseudoexperience more effective in the future by making it easier for the target company to imagine the industry. In the future, we would like to improve the means for simulating, to eliminate the lack of recognition of the impact on related organizations in the work involving inter-organizational cooperation, and to contribute to the systematization of Japanese SMEs.

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  • — Analyze Issues of Companies Aiming to Go Public —
    Teppei Kosaka, Kazuichiro Kodaira
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 93-100
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Is it possible for a SME in the mature construction industry to expand its business, increase sales, and go public on the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) as the ultimate goal for SMEs?

    The key is in establishing its Engineering Brand. What are the steps the company took to build the Engineering Brand? What were the results? How did they succeed in creating “a system to grow with little prospecting”? This report analyzes the process in depth and examines the Engineering Brand that publicly listed companies should have.

    To achieve the goal to be listed, it is crucial to build the Engineering Brand backed by cutting-edge technologies such as industry-leading characteristic techniques and construction methods.

    First, companies should have distinctive technologies and engineering in their specific field and invest in human resources for the critical research and development.

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  • — Whether New Graduates Choose the Company or Job Category for Job Hunting —
    Kazuma Ueta, Kazuichiro Kodaira
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 97-100
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This paper discusses the new image of the future of Japanese management by analyzing the consciousness structure of modern students who want to find employment. Currently, in Japan, the movement from the conventional membership type employment system to the job-focused employment is increasing, and the recruiting process is also changing from the simultaneous recruiting of new graduates to the full year recruitment and the job-focused recruitment. We conducted a survey of 102 university students as a research method of the consciousness structure for job hunting.

    In conclusion, the strength of Japanese companies can be utilized only if the Japanese lifetime employment system that protects the employment of workers is protected. While maintaining a lifetime employment system, it is necessary to hire job-type employees and build a flexible hiring, training, and treatment system.

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  • Kazunori Furuya, Shigetsune Yamoto
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 101-104
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This study reports a case study of the use of “assertive communication” in university education services. It is shown that “assertive communication” had the effect of increasing employee engagement by activating communication within the organization with external customers (university students).”Assertive communication” is a communication style that respects each other’s opinions and emphasizes a frank exchange of ideas. Previous studies have shown that such an attitude of respect for each other’s opinions is a motivating factor. And it’s also known to increase employee engagement.

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  • — Effects of Production Conditions on Flow Time —
    Taku Miyazaki
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 105-108
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In response to the increasing demand for differentiated products, the concept of “mass customization” has become more important in the manufacturing industry.

    This study has reported about the application of Kanban method which is used to transmit information in Just-In-Time production system for correspondence to customized products. The analysis using the event-based simulation has revealed the effect of reducing flowtime which is relevant for inventory valuation, when the change of production plan has occurred in each of the traditional and suggested methods. And more, Effects of the number of processes and the plan change ratio has investigated to make the method applicable to various products or conditions.

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ARTICLES
STUDY REPORT
  • — The Role of the Engineering Brands —
    Kazuichiro Kodaira
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 121-126
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Chapter 7 of “Engineering Brands” series is “connecting engineering and the market.” How can we connect two different dimensions, engineering and the market? How can the “Engineering Brands” create a new market? Companies that engaged in “MONOZUKURI” and “KOTOZUKURI” undertake their business with a wide variety of specialties. How could each Engineering Brand pursue the business?

    Branding is one of the means to communicate with customers. It is important to establish the Engineering Brands for future business. An honest, simple, and communicable brand message coveys a company’s image.

    This paper suggests a possible solution for company activities to develop a new business.

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  • — Potentials for Sustainable Community OS from City-building OS model —
    Kotaro Nakamura, Dejan Krizaj
    2020 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 127-133
    Published: October 20, 2020
    Released: April 20, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This study examines the service platform model through actual states of current smart cities policies and Japanese super cities strategy as one of the macro stage of SDGs-age service innovation presented in our first paper to shed light on potential trends in comprehensive servitization in cities or local regions. Based on the concept of smart cities, the study clarifies the recent trends on government-led policies up to now, toward standardization not only about digitalization approaches to smart cities but also the analogous aspects of people and organizations of smart city initiatives across the public and private sectors. Furthermore, the framework and service ecosystem scope are demonstrated on actual innovative smart city cases and indicates the possibility of the concept of “community development OS” aiming on the future sustainable community.

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