The purpose of this study is to investigate the association of the present situation of university students' mental
health with “friendship”, “sleep pattern” and “studies”. We conducted a questionnaire survey among 223
Firstly, we examined mental health, grade and gender, engaging in extracurricular activity, living independently
or not, and breakfast routine. The result was, there was no significant difference in grade, gender, extracurricular
activity, and Breakfast taking. In addition, this study found that students living alone have significantly higher
“Depression-Anxiety” stress response than those who do not live alone.
Secondly, “friendship”, “sleep pattern” and “studies” Were examined to clarify the relationship with university
student's mental health. The result concluded that, “friendship” had a negative influence on stress response
concerning the aspect of “Depression-Anxiety”, “Irritability-Anger” and “Helplessness”.
This study examined the educational effect of camp training in universities for understanding the significance
of special activities and building up relationships. Survey method included image and consciousness survey that
were conducted on 25 university students who participated before and after camp training as well as on
fundamental strength as social workers. Result was, (1) all the students who had anxious feelings before the camp
training Recovered their feelings after the training. (2) Even with camp training in campus, except for one student,
most students Recovered of training's purpose. (3) It has become clear that the characteristic curriculum “
implementing plan creating manual ”, “Learning the dangers of the sea, mountain, and river”, “Post orienteering
in campus” which was developed for camping in the university, is effective as learning material. (4) About the
image of the camp, the good image increased by 10 points after camping implementation, exceeding 90% on
average, while confidence as a leader fell by 12 points. (5) Fundamental strength as social workers (composed of
“the ability to step forward”, “the ability to work in a team” and “the ability to think out”) increased by 80% and
20% had no change.
From the above, it can be inferred that even with camp training in campus, by cooperated acting, the building
up of human relations will improve. Therefore, it is desirable that camp training in campus should be considered
in university as a useful educational method that can achieve objectives of special activities without stopping the
camp due to unseasonable weather or unforeseen circumstances.
We believe “the extracurricular activities” of the high school student period help competency improvement.
We conducted a questionnaire investigation of “the influence that the extracurricular activities of the high
school student period have on competency improvement” with 460 people.
1. “Volunteer activity” made most contribution to competency improvement most. The second was “Club
2. The competency that improved most was “Interchange with the persons, co-operation with the persons”, in
the all extracurricular activities. The second was “independence of will, aggressiveness”.
3. A combination of activity and competency having the highest degree of contribution was “interchange with
the persons and co-operation with the persons” of “club activities”. The second was “Interchange with the
persons and co-operation with the persons” of “the volunteer activity”.
4. The combination of activity and competency having the lowest degree contribution is “Interchange with the
persons and co-operation with the persons” of “the homeroom activity”. The second was “Work value
interest in society” of “the volunteer activity”.
5. The extracurricular activities that most people think to have participated positively during the high school
student period were “Club activities”. The second was “School excursion”.
6. The school event that most people had a good impression of during the high school student period was
“School excursion”. The second was “Cultural festival”.
Since April 2012, Japanese martial arts have become compulsory subjects in junior high schools throughout Japan,
and cca. 70% of schools have chosen judo as their compulsory subject. Among these, the occurrence of fatal
accidents and serious injuries due to judo are a concern. However, regarding fatal accidents connected to judo that
occur in schools, they tend occur in high schools rather than in junior high schools. In addition, because judo is
seen as dangerous, it is very probable that there are teachers who teach classes without adapting the true nature of
judo. The aim of this research is, simultaneously with conducting an opinion poll among high school students on
their judo classes, to define how the expertise of teachers who have specialized in judo influence their students'
image of the sport through their classes. This research was carried out by conducting an opinion poll in three high
schools which have implemented judo classes in 2012. The target group consisted of 357 respondents. As a result
of factor analysis, five factors were extracted. Regardless of the factors, both the teacher who was and the teacher
who was not an expert in the field could not, through mutual interaction, give a significant difference.
This study aims to reveal the significance of Eco-DRR in education. Japan is prone to natural disasters and the
importance of disaster education has increased after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Japanese children need to
be aware of disaster prevention, and learning about Eco-DRR would therefore prove to be beneficial. It is
important that students learn how to avoid exposure during natural disasters and realize the vulnerability of the
area in which they live. We propose that Eco-DRR be introduced as teaching material in the 6th grade at
elementary school under the topic “Living Things and the Environment.”
The aim of the study is to present the educational significance of lectures that incorporate “book talk.” Experts
commissioned by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology point out the need for
improving general education in a university. We improved student learning of a lesson by using the university
library. A library staff member received a request from a teacher, who then introduced a book that matched the
theme of the lesson to the students in class. Students then selected books using the information given by the
teacher and studied with book talk. It was revealed that mutual book talk among students had a greater effect on
their learning than unilateral information provided by teachers.
The old-growth Pinus plantation along the Sendai Bay was severely disturbed by the huge tsunami
resulting from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. To evaluate the changes in coastal forest vegetation after the
tsunami, we conducted an ecological survey of the forest. We compared the results of three surveys conducted
during 2002, 2010, and 2011 to clarify the influence of the tsunami on the forest. As many phytosociological
survey reports on this forest are available, we conducted a survey from a different perspective, including
biological type, tree form, and root type. The results were as follows: 1) the endozoochorous woody species
invaded into old-growth Pinus-plantation. As a result, biodiversity has increased. 2) the forest showed two types
of tsunami damage—physical damage and sea water damage. 3) evergreen trees and deciduous trees showed a
difference in the intensity of damage, and as the occurrence of the tsunami was prior to the deciduous tree activity,
the deciduous trees suffered less damage than the evergreen trees.
The purpose of this paper is to present the issues found within special education activities. The Ministry of
Education is presently editing the content for the next course of study. A description about the special education
activities of the next course of study is important. We analyzed the contents of the next course of study. The
results revealed that moral education and career education have an influence on special education activities. We
then participated in a special education activities conference held at Yoyogi, Tokyo 2016. We analyzed the reports
of junior high school teachers who participated in the extracurricular activities conducted during the conference.
These two analyses gave us an idea of how to improve the contents of the special education course offered by our
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