Face-to-face communication in modern society is more than ever susceptible to many of socially-biased and media-influenced interpretations. Erving Goffman was one of the sociologists who tried to pin down the mechanism of such face-to-face communication in everyday life. Our effort here is first to review a couple of postmodern interpretations of Goffman's original work, and second to save the nature of social selves from the context of poststructuralist trend, and third to make clear the duality of social selves and definitions of situations, and finally to link the previous discussion with the basic views which Goffman sketched.
In this papaer, we discuss A. Strauss's ‘Social World Perspective’, which has derived from the Chicago tradition. We analyze some of its central conceptions, such as ‘Social World’ and its segmentation processes and legitimation processes. Then we will point out that the image of “fluidity” is prominent throughout his works.
The aim of this paper is to examine the gift giving and recieving in Japanese Society in two points as follows. 1) The various social relationships between giver and reciever and the social groups they belong to. 2) The power-dependence relationship between giver and reciever. Through those examination, it is made clear that the recent gift in social life is diversified according to the various social relationships between giver and reciever, and that the power-dependence relationship between giver and reciever makes difference to the mechanism of gift.
The study of emotions has been mainly in the hands of psychologists and physiologists. But the sociological-historical approach to emotions helps to clarify the social, cultural, relational, and rule-embodied factors of emotional feeling. In this paper, it is presented that several emotions, as well as subjectivity, personality, consciousness and individuality, are products of the emergence of new forms of power. It is when disciplinary mechanisms of power have become diffused throughout the social body that emotions have been subjectified and have become an target as the “calculable soul”. Power affects affect in the process of the formation of modern society.
Many authors suggest that all sociological methods are comparative in the broad sense, so there is no such thing as the comparative method in this field. But I believe the comparative method is essential for comparative studies. In case-oriented investigation, the most basic tool of strategies is comparative concept. This thesis attempts to identify the characteristics, construction and functions of the ideal type and shows that the ideal type has full validity in comparative strategies.
This paper intoroduces“Economic Sociology”which is defined as the study of eonomic phenomena by appling sociological method. The structure of“Economic Sociology” is clarified by showing sociological concepts, frame of reference to the theory and the analytical view. The theoretical structure of“Economic Sociology”is consisted of two analtytical dimentions according to economic phenomena: micro economic level and macro economic level. Each level includes two types of sociological methods: one is the micro sociological method of action theory, the other is the macro sociological method of social system theory. Finally its historirical and topical subjects are reffered.
In this article, it is tried to examine the model of ‘collective choice’ presented by H. Blumer as an alternative to ‘trickle-down’ theory, to modify it in perspective of ‘lifestyle’, and to reformulate a new theory of fashion which includes the idea of ‘trickle-down’. This paper is composed of two parts. In the first part, it is explained that Blumer thought of fashion as one of social movements: expressive movement by the mass, and that fashion process meets an area that is a part of a continually changing world through two stages: innovation and selection. Secondly it is pointed out that collective taste or choice underlies ‘lifestyle’, and fashion mechanism in all the areas of ‘life’ is suggested.
This essay is a study of comtemporary trends in researches on political cartoon. The author argues that political cartoon has two functions mainly; condensation and evocation. From this symbolic point of view, these reseanches are classified into three types; (a) researches on cartoon itself. (b) reseaches on cartoon as the tool of analysis. (c) researches on format in cartoon.
This paper is intended to describe and analyze life courses of six middle-aged women. The personal documents used in this study are letters which they have been writing to each other for 25 years. Analysis of these letters revealed that the concept of self-realization is central in understanding their life-styles. It was also revealed that their sub-culture encouraged them to pursue self-realization both in their family lives and in their social lives.
I say that each woman's life was changed by a part of activities under the order of establishment Nazism by re-construction life-story of workingclass's woman who had passed her adolescence in the Period of Nazism. I describe that made positive effects on the rapid industrialization of Germany. They gave the value of achievement orientation to women by promoting the occupational trainning and participation for the group. And some aspects of Nazism made preparation for indusrialization of post-war.
What they call “The Policy for 4-Modernizations” is advancing in China (P.R.C.). Nowaday, however, this policy is atending many social ploblems……, not to mention difficult problems in chinenes family. Main object of this essay is the intoroduction for a part of “Sociology of Family” in today's China.
Now we are less informed about the environmental attitudes of village dwellers than that of city residents. This paper tries to examine the procedure for understanding the environmental consciousness and activities of local community. So we will emphasize cultural and historical perspectives in order to grasp the village communality and contents of local knowledge which is indispensable for environmental conservation.