In this paper I'd like to clarify how ‘value-interest’ and ‘the category of objective possibility’ play the role in Max Weber's ‘ideal type’. A. Schelting and T. Parsons criticized the duality of ideal type that implicated ‘historical individual’ and ‘general concept’. In addition to this critisism Parsons insisted that in contradiction to Weber's view the distinction between ‘natural science’ and ‘social science’ was not based on logical aspect but on real one. For him both sciences needed ‘value interest’ and every concept expresses part of reality. Therefore he proposed another distinction of sciences. Thus he contrasted historical sciences with analytic ones. But I think these criticisms are based on insufficient understanding of Weber's methodology.
We try to summarize Luhmann's theory. We assert his theory is dependent on his concept of “reproduction”. But we think the concept of reproduction should be separated into two level-“reproduction I” and “reproduction II”. Luhmann's theory does not succeed on the “reproduction II” level. Therefore it should be investigated how social systems are reproduced (I) as if they are reproduced (II).
This paper basically tries to consider that the art of transition to capitalism in a certain national society has influences on its economical class relations, that is, industrial relations and as a result its social change. In this paper the process of transition to capitalism is grasped as the articulation of capitalist and pre-capitalist modes of production, and three patterns of capital-labor relations is deductively offered in accordance with those of transition. At social formation level, state policies, ideology and so on are included and the development of industrial relations is analysed. This article aims at typology of differentiation of industrial relations in the early phase of capitalist development.
When we consider “memory”, we often refer to philosophy, psychology, cognitive science and brain science connecting it with individual body and brain. Memory, however, is not only individual but also collective or social. Then, it is possible to study memory sociologically. But memory has not been studied in the milieu of sociology, at least, in Japan. This paper attempts to present a sociological perspective of memory and a sociological definition of it.
Our working hypothesis is as follows; The art is an invention of renaissance humanists. Its proper problématique is the unique space to which everything in the world belongs. The space is an effect of ideological apparatus. It's an attempt to destruct the modernist mythology on the concept of art that the autonomy of aesthetic function has critical effect on the social reality.
In many societies, especially in traditional societies, relations among god(s), the dead and living people construct essential parts of social realities. In some cases, such relations are not only religious but also political. Gods and the dead are political media which bring normative effects on society. In this paper, I will analyse a spatial structure of a Japanese local city (totoumifuchu-mitsuke in Shizuoka prefecture) of the Ancient and the Medieval Period, and attempt to reconstruct religious and political relations among gods, the dead and living people in the city.
Harajuku has undergone a rapid social change which is a typical example of modern urbanization in Japan. Analyzing a social research for residents of this town, we found that their consciousness for urban space is split into two types: the social consciousness which grows up through living together in a community; the social consciousness of visitors to Harajuku, which the residents internalize. Every resident has two types of consciousness, which are opposite to one another. The social reality which supports the latter consciousness is invading to the social reality for the former consciousness.
There is much talk and dispute in every sector of society over the question of accepting foreign laborers into the country, however the so-called “internationalization of economy” makes it both inevitable for multinational coporations to develop on the one hand and for the internationalization of people and labor force lead to labor movement or migration on the other. Much dispute up until now tend to have neglected or abstracted the principle perspective, that is the advancement of “an internationalization of captial and wage-labor relations” on a global scale. In my paper, I wish to clarify the structure of foreign labor inflow from the standpoint of “internatinal labor movement” on the grounds of the questions posed in leading areas of international economy.
This paper is intended to classify objectively 198 municipalities in Tokyo Metropolitan Region, and also to make clear the regional structure. The main results are summarized in two points as follows. (1) Examined the principal component analysis (PCA) with 26 variables which refer to the civic characteristics such as age structure, migration, housing conditions, occupational-industrial structure and so on, we extracted the 5 basic dimensions for a classification of these municipalities. (2) Based on the score values obtained by PCA, we classified 198 administrative units into 10 types of municipalities respectively by using Ward's cluster analysis.
This research is on the content analysis of political cartoons in the 39th General Election in Japan. The aim of this research is to identify some functions of political cartoons, which are “condensationfunction”, “evocational fun ction”.The themes in the election are expressed double in the political cartoons.
This paper is an empirical study of video watching in young people. We analyze characteristics of them in terms of how to use and watch it. At first We divide young people into three categories about video use. Secondly we argue whole tendencise of video use. Thirdly we present a term “hyodo-Shichyo” (a video joint watching), and analyze way of watching by using it. Fourth tendencise of young people which we categorize are considered. Finally critics of current theories of youth culture and our new perspective are suggested.