Objective: It is important for autonomies to cooperate with related organizations from non-emergency periods to offer appropriate nutrition assistance to disaster refugees. We investigated how many autonomies made plans and agreements on nutrition assistance during disasters, and clarified what factors had influences on that.
Methods: We conducted a nationwide questionnaire survey in all autonomies in Japan 2.5 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake.
Results: The response rate was 71.1% (n＝1,272). The percentage of the autonomies that made agreements to get manpower support from the Self-Defense Forces during disasters was 30.6%, however, only one autonomy prepared the system which is suitable for its geographic characteristic. Autonomies with public health centers (prefectures, cities with public health centers, Tokyo special wards) were more likely to make plans or agreements to receive manpower support from other autonomies (p＝0.003), the Japan Dietetic Association (p＜0.001), prefectural dietetic associations (p＜0.001) and so on. Out of the autonomies that experienced disasters before, those having gotten outside manpower support before were more likely to make plans or agreements to get support from the Japan Dietetic Association (p＝0.015). Regarding foods for vulnerable people, 16.5% of the autonomies had aid agreements, and the percentage of having agreements in towns with administrative dietitians was significantly higher (p＝0.003).
Conclusion: Few autonomies made agreements on nutrition manpower support, and even among them, the number of the autonomies having detailed support system was more limited.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of childcare support services in the workplace with interpersonal relationships, support from supervisors and co-workers, and provision and exchange of information in the workplace.
Method: A questionnaire survey was conducted in 360 female workers who used any of five nursery centers in B-ku, City A. Valid responses were obtained from 137 workers. Data were analyzed using logistic regression analysis and a generalized estimation equation using inverse probability weighting of propensity scores.
Results: The attributes that showed significant relationships with use of a childcare support service were type of occupation, child’s age, form of employment, and years of service. There were significant relationships between [return to same work after childcare leave] and colleagues’ support, [sick/injured childcare leave] and information exchange with other parenting workers, and [paid leave] with obtaining company information during childcare leave.
Discussion: Use of a childcare support service was influenced by concern with career, a feeling of constraint due to increased work for colleagues, transportation time to nurseries, and change of social situation. In addition, it was inferred that social support such as support of colleagues and provision and exchange of information could promote use of a childcare support service in the workplace. Therefore, occupational health staff need to work towards establishment of a healthy workplace environment that strengthens social support, in collaboration with management, managerial staff, and workers.