This study aims to clarify the factors related to the continuation of exercise in adolescent since their childhood. Although there are some differences between Japan and South Korea regarding the exercise environment or other condition, a comparative study of this topic of would be important. After comprehending the situation of how the university students continue their exercise or sports activities from childhood to date, we studied the relationship between “exercise adherence situation” and “factors related to the continuation of exercise” targeting 722 Japanese ordinary university students, 707 Japanese athletic university students, 232 South Korean ordinary university students and 271 South Korean athletic university students. About the factor related to continue exercise, we then conducted exploratory factor analysis.
As a result, on the exercise adherence situation, many Japanese students discontinued it during their high school days, and many South Korean students did it during their elementary school days.
The factor analysis resulted in the extraction of “palatability of exercise” as the first factor, “effect of exercise” as the second factor, “feeling of capability and sense of fulfillment” as the third factor, “influence of parents” as the forth factor, “exercise capacity and endowment” as the fifth factor and “effect of friends” as the sixth factor for the Japanese students, whereas “feeling of capability and sense of fulfillment” as the first factor, “effect of friends” as the second factor, “influence of parents” as the third factor, “effect of exercise” as the forth factor, “environmental impact” as the fifth factor, “palatability of exercise” as the sixth factor and “exercise capacity and endowment” as the seventh factor for the South Korean students. The order and the number of factor-items differed between two countries, but both students selected almost the same factors. We compared factor score by dividing exercise continuation-situation into the following 3 groups, 1) group continuing exercise to date, 2) group of withdrawal by the wayside and of reopening, 3) group of discontinuation; and obtained the result that athletic university students attained high score in all factors despite of the above exercise situation, and that ordinary university students of both Japan and South Korea in the group continuing exercise to date attained significantly higher score of “palatability of exercise” factor than other 2 groups, which suggested that the feeling of love and fun to exercise related to the continuation of exercise.
Furthermore, in Japan, there was a gender difference between exercise continuation group and exercise discontinuation group in each exercise continuation factor. Based on the outcome mentioned above, compared to athletic students, in order to continue exercise for ordinary students in both Japan and South Korea, favorable feeling against exercise with love and fun would become an important determinant factor.
To enhance empathy between partners for the prevention of postpartum depression, an “empathy session” was developed in Australia and adapted into a Japanese health service setting. The present study aimed to assess attendantsʼ empathy level and mental health status and to verify their evaluation of the Japanese version of the session at a hospital. The participants were 20 couples, who took part in regular parenting classes at a target hospital between April 9 and October 8, 2016. The empathy session that included two activities, sharing parenting concerns with their partner and discussion on a case of a mother facing parenting difficulty, was added to the parenting classes. We conducted surveys asking the levels of empathy and mental health of the couple at the beginning of the session and asked to evaluate the session at the end. The results showed that the median multidimensional empathy scale score of the fathers was 3.80. Mothers who scored 9 or higher on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale accounted for 25％. All participants evaluated the session as helpful, and wrote that they could understand their partnerʼs concerns, communicate with other couples, and learn what should be discussed and prepared for child rearing. In conclusion, the prevalence of postnatal depression among mothers and the empathy level of fathers participated in the empathy session tended to be high, and the contents of the session were shown to enhance mutual understanding between partners. natal depression among mothers and the empathy level of fathers participated in the empathy session tended to be high, and the contents of the session were shown to enhance mutual understanding between partners.