The Republic of Korea enacted the National Health Promotion Act in 2005, setting the stage for health promotion action in the country. A National Health Promotion Fund was established, financed through tobacco taxes, which is now one of the largest in the world. However, despite abundant financial resources, the infrastructure needed to plan, implement, coordinate and evaluate health promotion efforts is still underdeveloped. Currently, health promotion capacity mapping efforts are emerging in Korea. Korean Government will introduce a national license system for Health Education System (class 1) starting in 2009. The legal backing for the license system is the National Health Promotion Act. According to Hp-Source.net, the health promotion capacity map in Korea looks good. However, initial investments in capacity mapping followed by investments in capacity building are key to help strength capacity in Korea.