Objective: To assess practice of preventive behaviors at home and performance of roles in community prevention and control of avian influenza (AI) among village health volunteers (VHVs), and to examine factors correlated with the execution of such behaviors and roles. Methods: This cross-sectional research was conducted in one district of Lop Buri Province, Thailand. Two hundred and twenty VHVs, selected by simple random sampling from all sub-districts with probability proportional to size, were interviewed using a structured questionnaire in September 2006. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient, and linear regression. Results: Most VHVs received AI information via television and from health personnel. They had good knowledge about AI and supportive attitudes toward AI prevention and control. After controlling for the effects of other variables, practice of preventive behaviors at home was significantly associated with performance of roles in community prevention and control of AI, and 5% of the variability in VHVs' scores on community roles performed is explained by the model. Meanwhile, attitude toward AI prevention and control was significantly associated with practice of preventive behaviors at home, and 12.4% of the variability in VHVs' practice of preventive behaviors at home is explained by the model. Conclusion: VHVs demonstrated good knowledge about AI and supportive attitudes toward AI prevention and control. Practice of preventive behaviors at home was positively correlated with performance of roles in the community. Attitude toward AI prevention and control and knowledge about AI, meanwhile, was positively correlated with practice of preventive behaviors at home.
Objectives: To analyse the drinking patterns of secondary school students and the relationship between drinking patterns, age at drinking onset, gender, personality traits and family drinking habits. Methods: A descriptive, correlational study was performed with a randomly selected sample of 103 students in10th, 11th and 12th grades, aged 15-20, in the Centre Region of Portugal. The Drinking Habits Questionnaire and the Portuguese version of the Eysenck Personality Inventory were used to collect data. Data collection was carried out by self-administered questionnaire in the first week of March 2008. Results: On average, boys started drinking alcohol earlier (13.1years) than did girls (14.1years), but the current drinking pattern was identical across genders. Of 103 students, 85.4% were drinkers and 14.6% had never had alcohol. Of those who had already started to drink (n=88), 79.5% were occasional or light drinkers, particularly on weekends and with beer as the primary alcohol of choice. Additionally, 82.0% of current drinkers also drank spirits on weekends, 52.3% had been intoxicated at least once, and the mean age of first intoxication was around 16 years. Adolescent drinking pattern was positively associated with family drinking pattern (rs=0.31; p<0.001) and with extroversion (rs=0.24; p=0.013). Conclusion: Both boys and girls attending secondary school in the Centre Region of Portugal tend to drink moderately and occasionally, especially on weekends. About half of the students have been intoxicated at least once. Drinking pattern is weakly correlated with family consumption pattern and with extroversion.