Acording to the result of periodic health examination of 6980 attending elementary school in Kochi pre. In 1990,we selected short stature children. 75 of 6980 are short stature children under -2SD from growth curve of japanese children. We found 4 pituitary dwarfism from them. It is possible to the total number of short stature children and the number of pituitary dwarfism in Kochi pre. From this epideminologic study.
Secondary metabolic substances of Usuea diffracta were studied by means of high performance liquid chromatography as well as column chromatography, thin-layer chromatography and microcrystal tests. Natural thalli of Usuea diffracta contain diffractaic acid, barbatic acid and usnic acid as major secondary metabolic substances. In addition to them, baeomycesic acid, squamatic acid, atranorin and gyrophoric acid have been detected for the first time as minor chemical substances. Colorless long linear crystals in GE solution, which are a characteristic of U. diffracta subsp. Subdiffracta, were also detected in a chromatographic fraction of U. diffracta subsp. Diffracta, when ma-jor chemical substances were removed in large quantity.
1. In most computer software, the Japanese alphabet can be inputted by using Roman characters ; however, conversions of Roman characters for the Japanese alphabet are not consistent with various computer software. 2 . We examined the conversion of Roman characters for the Japanese alphabet in seven different kinds of computer software and found dissimilarity in the conversion systems. 3 . Although we have three different systems for the conversion of Roman characters for the Japanese alphabet, mixed systems of all of them are found in most computer software. 4 . Most computer software is common in basic conversions of Roman characters for the Japanese alphrabet, however, they still have many different conversion systems. Double conversions are as follows : in the KA line of the Japanese alphabet, both K and C are used. However, in SA line CI and CE are also used SHI and SE, respectively. The C style has never been used for Roman character systems; it is used only for the computer software. One of the confusing conversions is found in the RA line, where R is usually applied; L is applied for the RA line in certain software (EG Brige. VJE-β, Matsutake and Katana). However, in the other software (Atok, WXII^+, BASIC. OASYS 30ms), L is applied for the contracted sound line, but not for the RA Iine. For example, XTU and LTU are used for the same Japanese alphabet. In most conversion systems, for the representat, ion of the contracted sound, double consonant letters are followed just after the character. However, both EG-Brige and VJE-β software do not have such conversion systems. In the VA line, some Roman characters do not correspond with the same Japanese alphabet, I.e. VA, GWA. Another confusing usage is mixed representations for the old Japanese alphabet and the modern Japanese alphabet. 5. It is necessary to make greater, if not complete, consistency among conversion systems of the Roman characters for the Japanese alphabet.
This paper reports our findings that the main mineral components and the water content of Satsuma mandarins and Amanatsumikans. At the result of our experiments, the both oranges showed the real-normal distributions in calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, and water, and the logarithmic normal distribution in iron sodium, zinc and copper. Compared with the two, calcium was more in the Satsuma mandarins, and other minerals were more in the Amanatsumicans. In a correlations between elements of nitrogen, phosphous and potassium, the Satsuma mandarins showed it between nitrogen and phosphous, and the Amanatsumikans between phosphorus and potassium. The later also showed it between phosphorus and magnesium and showed a negative one between calcium and sodium. Satsuma mandarins showed it between potassium and calcium, the both oranges showed it between potassium and magnesium.
A case of plasmacytoma of vertebral arch of the sixth thoracic vertebrae. M-component in serum and Bence-Jones protein in urea were very low levels. And tumor ceils were immature lymphoplasmacitic cells. But in immunohistochemical study monoclonal polypeptides of light chain of λ type was positive.Furthermore, ultrastructure revealed plasmacytes with extremly developed coiled and lammela rER, but golgi apparatus and mitochondria were not intact. These features revealed that the plasma cells synthesized polypeptides of light chain of λ type, but did not secret in serum. So we conclude that this case is non secretary light chain disease of λ type.