A patho-histological study of pulmonary lesions of experimental paragonimiasis was perforrned on infected Wistar rats with Paragonimus westermani in India. Mainly we examined the histology of in-flammation and repair of lungs in the infected model rats. In 18 days after infection,the adhesive pleuri-tis and pulmonary emphysema were recognized. Injured tissues were immediately followed by an acute local reaction characterized by the vascular changes,including the outpouring of plasma fluids and pro-teins,and soon thereafter by the massing of eosinophils and mast cells. In 35 days after infection,the one adult worrn or pairs and eggs in the cyst was surrounded with glanulation tissues,the lung parenchyma was heavily infiltrated with many mast cells machrophages and eosinophils. The hemorrhages were recognized in the alveolus or the lung parenchyma largely. 45 days after infection,the epitherial cells of cyst metaplased to the stratified flattened epithlium and so soon keratinized. These were inflamrnatory responses and the process of repair to injury with the infection of Paragonimus westermani. Many alveolar macrophages were activated,and phagocyted the erythrocytes.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the syntactic properties of the passive and the hon-orific morpheme -rare in Japanese,and to show the differences between the two morphemes. The claim is that the differences are attributed to the structural positions in which the morpheme is realized. More specifically,the passive-rare can be realized in two positions,which are both below vP,while the honorific 0rare is Located in AGR,which functions as a type of agreement in Japanese(Niinuma(2003,2005),Niinuma and Maki(2006,2007).Finally,I discuss the implication of the proposed analysis and consider the main properties morpheme -rare withe the different meanings,such as the spontaneous and the potential
o evaluate every students' input skil1s and manage their study histories,a software was de-veloped. By using the software,level of input skil1s in operating PCwas evaluated by examining a pre-test and a post-test for 238 students in April and July,2008,respectively. The tests were evaluated by counting the number of characters typed in ten minutes,followed with a treatment of the results by a newly developed software. The pre-test showed that 66.5% of the students were above a level of 300 characters,while the post-test resulted in an improvement of 76.5%.
To evaluate the nutritional knowledge of students we have conducted a questionary survey on the use of dietary supplement of 56 female students in Dental Hygiene Course (DHC) at Kochi Gakuen College,and compared the new results with the previous resu1ts,which were carried out for the students in Department of Human Life Science (HLS). The ratio of supplement users in the DHC was 40%,the result of which was higher than 20% of the HLS. 75% of the DHC were interested in taking supplements,while only 44% of the HLS. As for the purpose of supplement intake 44% of the DHS were for keeping their beauties,and 41 % for the nutrients. The ratio of the undemourished (44%) in the DHC was about 1.8 times higher than that of the HLS (25%).
Since 2005,the subject of medical engineering (ME) in Kodu Gakuen College has been classi-fied by the introduction course and the advanced one. The latter has newly been built up of a coopera-tive subject including the practices of clinical physiology,in 2006 and 2007. The aim of the newly ex-ploited subject was to improve student's interests and principle understandings in the ME,which has a fundamenta1aspect of clinical physiology. This paper deals the questionnaire survey carried out for students learned in the new subject for 6 months in each year. The surveys unexpectedly indicated出atthe cooperative subject was rather effective for understanding and interests in the physiology site than those in the medical engineering one.
This study examines 18 students of foreign residents or retumee having impressions of sma1l Japanese groups with exc1usiveattitudes at junior high school.The research was conducted by means of a questionnaire and the following results were obtained. Many of the participants have an impression of Japanese students with exclusiveattitudes relatively stronger than they had in the other countries. Particulaly,they think that Japanese have tendency to prefer association with specific friend to participation in group activities. It is likely that the exclusive attitudes shown by a smallgroup have a great influence to members of the other group,particularly on an adjustment of foreign residents or returnee students to school lives in Japan
This study examines the relations between preschool children's sociometric status and their objective attribution to their own intention. Participants were 80 3-,4-,and 5-year old kindergarteners.The intention was constructed by false belief,belief,desire,and intention. The researches were con-ducted by methods of interview and natural observation to estirnate to scores,and the following significant results were obtained.Girls' belief scores were significantly higher than boys' scores in sociometric status M-group. Moreover,5-year-old children's false belief scores were higher than 3-and 4-year-old children's scores in sociometric status M-group. In addition,3-year-old children's scores were higher than 4-year-old children'scores in the M-group. However,the results of the sociometric status by the interview method were different from those by the natural observation method. The above results suggest that the children's playing conditions may have an influence on sociometric status or their attribution to their own intention.