To clarify the problems and annual changes of nutritional intake in female students living in Kochi prefecture, we performed a survey by questionnaire on 65 female students and compared the results with Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese-2010-(DRIs-J), and also investigated the relationships between nutritional intakes and annual changes on literatures. Mean nutritional intake of the students was 1,408 kcal and corresponded to 82.8% on a standard of DRIs-J. Mean retinol, vitamin B1, B2 and C intakes were lower than the standards of DRIs-J. Mean calcium and iron intakes were much lower than the standards of DRIs-J. Mean fat and carbohydrate energy ratios corresponded with the standards of DRIs-J. Mean protein intake and salt equivalent was higher than the standards of DRIs-J. The energy and all nutrients intakes in this time were significantly lower than those in the report on 1997. In food groups, the intake of potatoes, fish and shellfishes, eggs, milk, and confectionery did not have a change. Although there were more intakes of deep yellow vegetables, there were low intakes of cereals, sugar and sweeteners, legumes, other vegetables, fruits, meat, and oil and fat. On literatures, the energy intakes of female students have dropped rapidly since 2012, while the slight fall of energy intakes was observed in the 15 to 19 years-old woman of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (p<0.01). These results suggested the relationships between the fall of energy and nutritional intakes and the lack of dietary intakes and skipping meals in young women.
This study is to clarify the factors which facilitate the continuation of a local inhabitant's support activities. The subjects were 6 participants who belong to the organization which conducts activities. Semi-structured interviews were conducted. The data obtained from the interviews was analyzed using the qualitative induction method of analysis. As a result, the 8 categories extracted were [affection to the community], [ continued relation of inhabitants ], [ affection for people ], [ continued intergroup relationships], [ pride and confidence in activities ], [ feeling comfortable and natural ], [ balance in one's lifestyle and identity ] and [ structure which realizes activities ] For the continuation of activities, necessary factors include a flexible lifestyle without rule, a place which keeps one's identity, safe structure and support which realizes activities, and affection to the community