Aim: This study investigated the use of the Mother and Child Health (MCH) Handbook and the association between the knowledge of disaster preparedness and utilization of the self-recording sections of the MCH Handbook.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, self-reporting questionnaires were distributed to 1,009 puerperal women, and 662 complete responses were analyzed.
Results: Overall, 42.0% used the self-recording sections in the MCH Handbook during pregnancy, and 29.8% shared the MCH Handbook with family. Additionally, 78.1% participants recorded their weight changes during pregnancy, 54.5% recorded the development of their fetus in the MCH Handbook, and 66.6% had read information for pregnant women. Fisher’s exact test showed a significantly different rate of knowledge of disaster preparedness regarding Disaster Emergency Dengon Dial 171, the cellular phone disaster message board, and a hazard map among pregnant women who used the self-recording sections and those who did not.
Conclusions: This study demonstrated the rate of each function in the MCH Handbook. Pregnant women who used the self-recording sections in the MCH Handbook had disaster preparedness knowledge about the recognition of the Disaster Emergency Dengon Dial 171, the cellular phone disaster message board, and a hazard map.
Background & Aim: Road accident injuries and fatalities are an ongoing world-wide problem. Thus, this study examined the prevalence of front seatbelt use among Mongolian hospital workers and explored the factors associated with this behavior.
Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 750 people who worked in a tertiary hospital; 681 agreed to participate and, among them, 521 (76.5%) provided complete responses. Participants were asked about their personal seatbelt use in the front passenger seat and their demographic characteristics. SPSS version 26 was used for all statistical analyses. Chi-squared and Fisher’s exact tests were used to analyze categorical values, with Mann-Whitney U tests being used to analyze ordinal and numeric values.
Results: Approximately five-sevenths (drivers: 73.3%, non-drivers: 71.9%) of participating passengers “always” used seatbelts while in a front passenger seat, according to the self-questionnaires. A multivariate analysis revealed that the timing of seatbelt use while one is in the driver’s seat before starting the engine and experiences of traffic accidents while riding in a car were associated with drivers using the front passenger seatbelt.
Conclusions: We suggest that educational programs on seatbelt use should be developed and delivered for interventions concerning, and promoting seatbelt use before starting the engine.
【結 果】 有効回答225件（73.8％）を分析した．関心度は10点満点のVisual Analog Scaleで平均6.7±1.8点であった．関わる機会は「テレビやインターネット」が42.9％，また情報源は「学校」が66.2％と最も多かった．社会的距離については，「同僚」「雇用」「教師」の賛成率が95％以上と高く，一方，「交際」「結婚」は60～90％でやや低かった．また賛成率はLGBTに対する関心度の高さと関連していた（p<.001～p<.05）．