Abstract The purpose of this report is to clarify two points. The first, “side job” was encouraged in the home in the city has changed how to? The second, that was a side job of women, sideline reveals that side job of handworks is particularly encouraged. Research methods are described next. Analysis with books published in the survey report Tokyo city. Finance Ministry foreign trade generally refer the Meiji era. I found three. Thefirst one was seamstress, embroidery, knitting was encouraged as a side job more than middle-class housewives. The second one were encouraged as a womenʼs profession, side job. Third, during the Meiji era, foreign trade become active. Crochet lace was and embroidery was introduced as a side job.
Abstract The productivity of honey from Echium candicans（ Echium candicans honey） harvested 2013 was investigated in order to the repeatability of Echium candicans honey harvested 2010 and 2012. Moreover, the comparison of color and sugar content with honey from Echium vulgare（ Echium vulgare honey） of New Zealand origin. The productivity of Echium candicans honey was estimated to be 125,666㎏・ha-1 . The color of Echium candicans honey was brighter than Echium vulgare honey and the sugar content of both were similar. These results were consistent with the characteristics of Echium candicans honey harvested 2010 and 2012. In this study, the productivity of Echium candicans honey confirmed the repeatability and the characteristics of Echium candicans honey were shown. Moreover, the possibility of the production of monofloral honey as a main honey source of Echium candicans was suggested by installing the honeybee（ Apis mellifera） hive around the flowering Echium candicans under cultivation.
Abstract Some programs of supporting the suffered elderly were created for dealing with problems by Great HanshinAwaji Earthquake in 1995. Those programs have much influence on the way of dealing with natural calamities now.The purpose of this study is to examine whether community networking through the program of watching and supporting the elderly by community general support centers and community-based rooms as further outreach contributes to both preventive long-term care and disaster mitigation. This article shows how the program of watching and supporting the elderly in a suffered city has changed from a way of dealing with problems brought about by the earthquake into ones in a daily life. The author analyze results and issues of the program through a survey on community-based room. By the analysis, the author found that new communitybased places and activities of watching and supporting the elderly have some contribution to community organization for disaster and preventive long-term care.
Abstract This paper focuses on how and why consumer center has founded and reporting the result of examination. In this paper, cases in 1970's, consumer center in Nara prefecture and statistics of consumerʼs consultation are investigated. In Japan, the first consumer center was founded in Hyogo prefecture in 1965. It handled as administrative services complaints from consumers, product tests, consumer education, what consumer groups handled. As of 2012, there are 724 consumer centers in Japan and handle 852,649 cases in a year. The number of consumerʼs consultation has raised 32 times in these 40 years and character of consultation has changed. Talking about the content of consultation, it has changed from inquiry to complains, from about products to about services, from safety issue to contract issue.In 1970's, house wives use consumer center for asking questions in their daily lives. As a consequence, consumer center offered information that is proved scientifically with product tests. We can tell that they aimed for cultivating "clever consumer" who can choose appropriate products reasonably. Moreover, it turned out that consumer center approached companies for encourage them conducting their business appropriately.
Abstract This study was intended to evaluate quality of honey from Echium candicans（ Echium candicans honey） harvested in 2013 by scanning electron microscope imageanalysis using ionic liquid as a electroconducting reagent. At least no less than 21 kinds of pollens were identified in the honey. The rate of pollens from Echium candicans was less than 50 % because plants as honey source are not always correspond with those as pollen source for hive honeybee （Apis melifera）. Therefore, the purification of honey as a monofloral honey cannot be determined. The number of pollens from Echium candicans in the honey from Echium candicans is 2.9 % of that from Echium vulgare, whose honey was reported to contain hazardous pyrrolizidine alkaloids. The results indicated that the health risk of honey from Echium candicans was low, considered from the number of pollens.
Abstract As a result of organized by the classification system of Mabberley, poisonous plants that are cultivated in Japan were able to narrow the list down to 82 families, 193 genera and 298 taxa. The Leguminosae has the largest genus number of poisonous plants （14 genus）, and the Ranunculaceae and Solanaceae have the largest taxa number of poisonous plants （21 taxa）. 34 edible plants species were included in these cultivated poisonous plants. These finding were provided the basic information for hazard reduction by the poisonous plants for the horticultural activities including citizen gardening, horticultural therapy, horticulture welfare and horticulture education.
Abstract Questionary on the horticultural knowledge was performed to the womenʼs junior college students who study horticultural practice. As a result, it was revealed that quantity of the horticultural knowledge increased （decorative plants name and horticultural technical terms） after horticultural practice. Moreover, it became clear that the palatability of horticultural activities had positive effect on the amount of horticultural knowledge before horticultural practice. As for horticultural technical terms, there was a difference in fixing of knowledge between the students who answered that I liked horticultural activities and the students who answered that not either. There was no significant difference among them one year after. So one year horticultural practice was considered to have educational positive effects.