In Japan, the Heisei era (1989.1.8--2019.4.30), in which world situation had changed
on a large scale, came to an end, and the Reiwa era has just begun. What is the ideal
image of human being to open a way to peaceful and just Kyosei societies in this
new era? Starting from this concern, I try first to criticize the old relational
concept of human being developed by Heidegger and Watsuji, and then to advance a
new relational concept of human being based upon the understanding
of Responsive-Becoming-Multidimensional Self, Others and Public World”, and
last to emphasize the necessary Kyosei education for the peace and social justice.
The first global civilization has been characterized by the dominance of Pax
Britanica to be followed by Pax Americana for the past 200 years. Based on the
philosophical underpinning of individualism, such factors and values as market
economy, democracy, freedom, human rights and the rule of law in the broad
framework of the nation-states system have been globalized with, however,
increasing sense of uncomfortableness with this trend in various parts of the
world. With the decline of the influence of the United States and with the
emergence of alternative values based on perspectives beyond individualism, a
new global civilization seems to be in the offing.
It should be essential for the intellectual community to come to grips with
this phenomenon up-front at this historic moment in time. The objective of this
paper is to present a rough sketch of the issues involved in analyzing this
challenge. The first set of issues are related to the problems that tend to arise
in the context of civilizational change. The second set of issues are related to
the substance of the new civilization. At the end of the paper a series of
general observations will be presented.
This paper discusses how useful sports play in realizing a Kyosei- society.
Sports are competitions, while physical education is exercised to improve
physical abilities. Sporting is achieved by playing fair under certain rules.
Sports removes the barriers of ethnicity, religion, and state, and all people
can participate as game players. Players play a rough game because they
play with a sense of struggle, but they always form a friendship
relationship by having respect and respect to the opponent player. Sports
form a flexible community where participants can participate or not. The
Olympic Charter states that the goal of Olympism is to place sport at the
service of the harmonious development of humankind, with a view to
promoting a peaceful society concerned with the preservation of human
dignity. It is the world's largest sports festival with 209 countries and
regions participating in the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Paralympic Games. The
Kyosei- society will be realized by deepening the Olympic Movement.
Keywords: sports, fighting spirit, sociality, peace, kyosei
Located 570Kms southwest of Kagoshima, Okinoerabu-Island is a coral island of
about 60 kilometers around with rich nature having a little under 13,000 people. Its
birthrate is high at 2.0 and a survey shows that 75% of high school students want to
return to the island in the future.
However, it is facing many problems, such as depopulation, aging and financial
Then, what do we have to consider in order to enrich local regions? Answer is clear
that we must understand the cultural elements sustaining the island and pass them
on to the next generation.
After interviewing 29 island people using the 90-year-old hearing method, it became
clear that the island’s culture consisted of five elements. In order to pass them on to
the children and the grandchildren, we studied how some tangible forms of gifts using
backcasting should be given to them.
Research has shown that living in the feeling of connectedness, accomplishment,
fulfillment and both “self-sufficiency” and “island pride” are the key strategies.
Detailed studies on the self-sufficiency of energy, food, learning and money have
begun. As one of the examples of that, Seisa University Satellite college was introduced
in 2017 to nurture leaders for the island.
Key words: two limitations, backcasting, self-sustaining type lifestyle, Okinoerabuisland
This study investigate the process of constructing a practice of “musicking” in Japanese music education context, and assess the practice by employing the structure of Universal Design. Ultimately, the study seeks a possibility of universal design in music education context by pursuing the practice of “musicking”. Musicking is a new concept originally introduced by Small (1998). In musicking, whether by performing, by listening, by rehearsing or practicing, by composing, by dancing, and even by supporting other musicians, to music is for everyone participate in any capacity of musical lives (Small, 1998). In this study, the practitioner researchers spent 3 years conducting series of workshops to design a practice model of musicking
by implementing traditional instruments including violin, technological instruments and
shakuhachi and other expressive art forms. To assess the process of musicking for everyone to
participate in musical activity, the study employed the idea of universal design in music education
and The Guideline for Universal Design for Learning (UDL), and descriptively analyzed the
practice for reflection. Consequently, the study introduces the practice model of musicking and
addresses critical issues for universal design in music education settings.