The purpose of this paper is to examine the facilities and activities of the Shiba Children's Hall which was built just after the enactment of the Child Welfare Act and approved as children's hall under such act by Tokyo Metropolitan Government. The following points became clear in this examination. The Shiba Children's Hall was planned taking the opportunity of a receipt of a personally donated fund and was designed by Kouno, the architect who was in charge of developing the children's hall section of the draft of Children's Welfare Act. The hall was run under private management and was supported by the Tokyo League of Regional Women's Organizations but was in financial difficulties for 22 years. Despite this, through the review of its activities it was found out that the hall was used for various activities including fine arts, dramas, concerts and the like for the children and occasionally for their mothers. From the facility point of view, only half of the plan designed by Kouno was built and the rest was never built. If the plan was implemented fully, the hall could have been a model case of children's hall. In order for us to envision the future direction of children's halls, it will be helpful to consider the facilities and activities of private children's hall built from 20's to 30's of the Showa era.
The object of this paper is to describe the life-history of the Syudan-syusyoku generation who lived and worked in Tokyo. In order to accomplish this purpose, we had the intensive interviews with them. Subsequently we discovered the following. In nineteen fifties or sixties, the many adolescent have been to the big cities after graduated at the junior high school. They have formed the group and rode in the job train for Tokyo, Osaka and Nagoya (Syudan-syusyoku). They were apprenticed to the shops and factories. They have lived in the dormitories and have been working hard all day within the apprenticeship period. Because of a poor wage and few vacations, many workers quitted immediately. After acquired skills a few own shops and run factories now. Because of serving strict masters and taking good fortunes they are working as the top management of shops and factories. In nowadays they are the winners of the Syudan-syusyoku generation. Therefore we could trace the success story of the Syudan-syusyoku generation.
The purpose of this study is analysis of the tea drinking in the frescored tombs, (about 900 years before of the Han race high level family of the Liao Dynasty in Hebei Province, China.) In daily habits of tea drinking also tea competition was opened vividly similar in Sung Dynasty. In this manner, just before drinking tea, usually solid dry tea was grined into powder by grinder. In this time, color change into white was most significant in this competition. From these facts in both Dynasty, contact existence of the tea culture was speculated
The purpose of this paper is to outline "the MERCE festival" in Barcelona briefly, and to describe the function of the giant dolls "Gegants" and the beast dolls "Besties" in this festival from the anthropology discourse. "the MERCE festival" is a large scale urban festival in Barcelona which is held every year. It is said that "the MERCE festival" comes from the folklore that St.Merce saved Barcelona City long time ago. In this festival, Gegants and Besties attract a large audience very much. I analyze the most important festival group "Gegants de Pi" which belongs to "Gegants" and "Besties" and describe these doll's role at this festival. Then, I will consider the relationship between the people of this group and the cultural artistic city "Barcelona" in Catalonia.