Medical Mycology Journal
Online ISSN : 2186-165X
Print ISSN : 2185-6486
ISSN-L : 2185-6486
Current issue
Displaying 1-3 of 3 articles from this issue
Original Article
  • Tomoe Ichikawa, Misato Okumura, Tomoya Mizumura, Minami Hayashi, Momoe ...
    2023 Volume 64 Issue 2 Pages 29-36
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2023
    Trichosporon asahii is an invasive pathogenic yeast that infects immunocompromised hosts. Several virulence factors contribute to the fungal infection; however, the factors that contribute to the occurrence of T. asahii infections remain unclear. Since adhesins are typical virulence factors reported for pathogenic fungi, we looked for host proteins that interact with the T. asahii cell surface. T. asahii and Candida albicans were used for screening using a pull-down assay with fetal bovine serum. Serum albumin and elongation factor 2 were identified as the yeast-binding serum proteins. Additionally, we investigated the interactions of the cell surface-associated molecules (CSM) of T. asahii with vitronectin (VTN), fibronectin, fetuin-A, and alpha-1antitrypsin (AAT). The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) method was used to examine the interaction between CSM and human proteins. On the other hand, the pull-down assay was used to examine the interaction between human proteins and the T. asahii cell surface. Serum albumin, AAT, and VTN were found to interact with T. asahii in both SPR and pull-down assays. This study identified several proteins that interact with T. asahii, suggesting that these proteins play a role in infection mechanisms.
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Short Reports
  • Harunari Shimoyama, Haruka Taira, Kazuo Satoh, Takashi Tamura, Ayaka Y ...
    2023 Volume 64 Issue 2 Pages 37-43
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2023
    A 64-year-old woman presented with a fist-sized, severely painful lesion with scales, crusts, pustules, erythema with subcutaneous abscess, and hair loss on the left temporal region. Direct microscopic examination revealed a large number of spores around the hair, which indicated ectothrix hair invasion, and some hyphae were also found. Histopathological examination showed significant inflammatory cell infiltration from the dermis to the subcutaneous tissues and into the hair follicles, destruction of the hair follicles with granulomatous reactions, and fungal masses along the hair within the hair follicles. Microsporum canis was identified based on morphological features via culture method and molecular biological analysis of the internal transcribed spacer region DNA sequence. The patient was diagnosed with kerion celsi caused by M. canis. For treatment of kerion celsi, we chose an oral antifungal agent, fosravuconazole (FRVCZ), which has been available since 2018 only in Japan. Clinical symptoms were cured in 12 weeks without scarring. No side effects were observed during oral administration of FRVCZ. The results of our case and several previous reports suggest that FRVCZ is effective in treating various types of dermatomycoses.
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  • Tomotaka Sato, Norihito Fukada, Akihiko Kinjo, Ryuta Akimoto, Hisashi ...
    2023 Volume 64 Issue 2 Pages 45-47
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2023
    A woman in her 70s had onychomycosis that was treated with topical luliconazole solution. Her nails changed color to yellow due to the treatment and exposure to sunlight. Avoidance of sunlight and continuous application of luliconazole resolved the discoloration and were effective for the treatment of onychomycosis one year after the first visit.
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