マス・コミュニケーション研究
Online ISSN : 2432-0838
Print ISSN : 1341-1306
ISSN-L : 1341-1306
68 巻
選択された号の論文の20件中1~20を表示しています
■特集 メディア変容時代のジャーナリズム
  • 藤田 真文
    原稿種別: 本文
    2006 年 68 巻 p. 2-4
    発行日: 2006/01/31
    公開日: 2017/10/06
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 橋場 義之
    原稿種別: 本文
    2006 年 68 巻 p. 5-21
    発行日: 2006/01/31
    公開日: 2017/10/06
    ジャーナル フリー
    Information Technology (IT) demands newspaper-journalism change widely. Some changes are found mainly in news-gathering and newsroom, as follows : 1) Journalists in newspaper companies in Japan seemingly hesitate to go and find news in the huge field of the internet world, because it takes too much time to check the credibility. 2) They become more passive to check and estimate information by themselves. They are almost drowning in the flood of internet information. 3) Few journalists come to think that scoops should be disseminated to people as rapidly as possible via the web, before printing the newspaper. 4) The question about what the journalists should know and how the newspaper should disseminate it to people-what the News is in the newspaper-is now asked again. Printed newspaper will survive in the future, but with ever-decreasing readers. Redefining journalism is needed for the argument within journalism in the new world of the internet and the pursuit of good journalism, however else the world may change.
  • 松本 恭幸
    原稿種別: 本文
    2006 年 68 巻 p. 22-41
    発行日: 2006/01/31
    公開日: 2017/10/06
    ジャーナル フリー
    The citizen's participation in journalism has faced a big change due to the spread of the digital media after the 90s. This paper presents many concrete examples and analyzes the various aspects of the so-called "citizen journalism, " such as the Internet newspapers and the Internet broadcast, as well as the recent trend of the "blog journalism" in Japan. The relationship between this new kind of journalism and the existing mass media is also discussed. This paper also discusses the role of the NGO and NPO, which are increasingly taking the lead in the civic journalism.
  • 田辺 龍
    原稿種別: 本文
    2006 年 68 巻 p. 42-53
    発行日: 2006/01/31
    公開日: 2017/10/06
    ジャーナル フリー
    '2ch (2 channel)' is the most popular anonymous BBS in Japan. It consists of hundreds of categories called 'ita (board)', and each ita also consists of hundreds of threads. Occasionally many responses are noted on some threads instantaneously, but most of these phenomena are regarded as consummatory communications like so-called 'matsuri (festival)' not as public opinion. But some of these have possibility of becoming public opinion when these are referred by other web sites, covered by mass media. So the inter-media relations can make anonymous BBS rouse public opinion, when an argument in some thread is cited by other media one after another.
  • 長谷川 一
    原稿種別: 本文
    2006 年 68 巻 p. 54-78
    発行日: 2006/01/31
    公開日: 2017/10/06
    ジャーナル フリー
    In this paper, I seek to re-examine the significance of the digitalization of "writing". The mediation of "writing" by digital technology has become a normal and ever expanding aspect of contemporary society. My first task is to examine this condition on the meta-level. The specific subject matter of my inquiry is the Nihongo-wapuro (Japanese word-processor) whose history I have attempted to trace here. Written Japanese texts are composed of a heterogeneous mixture of different types of characters, including hiragana, katakana, and kanji. The vast number of characters required in order to produce such texts has rendered the mechanization process far more difficult in Japanese than it has been for European languages that use alphabetic scripts. When computers were introduced into the world of business in the 1970s, newspaper journalists continued to write by hand, despite the appearance of electronic systems for newspaper compilation and editing. The first word-processor for writing Japanese, the Toshiba JW-10, appeared in 1978. It then became possible to produce Japanese texts mechanically with the aid of electronic processing. The adoption of word-processors in Japan has spread rapidly since the mid-1980s. Besides being used in offices, they came to be employed in schools and in the home as well. People with no prior experience of using electronic devices quickly developed a keen interest in the Japanese word-processor. At first, word-processors were viewed primarily as devices for the production of "clean copies" or for printing. However, with time, many books came to be written extolling the Nihongo-wapuro as much more than a mere typewriter for the Japanese language. The Japanese word-processor, it was claimed, had brought about a "great revolution in intellectual production". The bodily action of typing had long been an unrealized dream of those who wrote in Japanese. The Nihongo-wapuro was the means that at long last brought this to reality. Nevertheless, the most widespread everyday use to which word-processors were put was the production of New-Year greeting cards (which according to Japanese custom are sent out in great numbers at the beginning of each year). At the same time, these mechanically produced New-Year cards were criticized as lacking in human feeling. In this paper, I examine the Japanese word-processor from the three perspectives of technology, the body and society. I investigate how the word-processor was able to provide a foundation for the digitalization of "writing" in Japan. In addition, I look at the significance of the Japanese word-processor's function as a machine for the production of "clean copies" and printed texts. This was related to the fact that "writing" always took place in relation to "editing". Thus, the adoption of the word-processor in Japan has brought to light the emerging problematic of "editing".
■論文
■2005年度春季研究発表会
■2005年度春季研究発表会 ワークショップ報告
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