We reached a point to look back at a history after war by passing more
than 60 years after the end of the war. Nostalgia for Showa period recently can
be the one of the example. However, while the image of nostalgic Showa period
is still alive and people comfortably recollect the past, some memory was
pushed away and some memory is meaningly selected. And then, this phenomenon
has not seen only recently.
Before the war, during the war, after the war, also Showa period, what
kind of memory has been selected and pushed away. Focusing this kind of phenomenon,
the theme of this special edition gives us some thought of the politics
of the story of Showa period.
In addition, these points are focused for the discussion among our academy.
In the spring academic meeting 2009, the title of the first symposium was“ The
memory of Showa period and public opinion or popular sentiments”. Also the
workshops such as“ War and journalism”（ media history academic project） and
“Visual image of ‘the memory of war’ and archive” have held under similar
This special edition has been projected including the study trends above.
6 papers in this journal have been written independently, however, we can find
out some similarity of examining of‘ Showa’ and‘ the booms of Showa’ in the
view point of media study and mass communication study.
I wish to activate the discussion in this field after the publication of this
This paper aims at examining Roger Silverstone’s works on the museum,
and articulating their possibility in Media Studies. In the 1990’s, Silverstone indicated
that the characteristic of the museum as a medium is the multi-layered
disposition of media installed in/through the museum. By expanding his idea,
the museum can be conceptualized as a media complex, which is a theoretical
framework to consider both the consumption of the museum as a whole, and
that of each medium spatially embedded in the museum. This viewpoint would
also contribute to the current arguments over media consumption in public
spaces from the 1990’s.
Previous studies of Japanese media history focused on the practices of
radio amateurs in prewar Japan. However, in postwar Japan, they played a
more active role. They crafted radio receivers and audio sets themselves, and
contributed to the development of media technology.
This paper attempts to describe their practices in prewar and postwar
Japan. Radio craft was a material practice which meant that crafting equipment
became a hobby, and the popularization and decline of radio craft in postwar
Japan was a process in which a diversity of other radio experiences converged
with receiving programs.
The purpose of this article is to examine the emergence of fashion magazine
(Hukushoku-Zasshi), especially the change from clothing magazin
(Hukuso-Zasshi) to fashion magazine. I focus magazine So-en to consider how
readers read the clothing magazine and fashion magazine. And I explore how
and when the design of magazine changed. When reading clothing magazine,
readers read to make western clothes, and when reading fashion magazine
readers read to develop a sense of style. The change of the way to read
emerged around 1960, and the design of the magazine changed as well.
In the current Internet environment, newspaper companies manage their
own websites to provide not only news but various kinds of information. This
study examined the trend of Japanese newspaper websites, especially focusing
on what information they disseminate, and what technologies they use.
In this study, contents and technologies of one hundred and twenty-three
newspaper websites were analyzed. The sample was divided into three groups
based on circulation size. The results show that news and daily life information
make up the most part of the contents of the websites in general. And while
the websites of the large-sized papers offer as much contents as general portal
sites, those of the medium-sized papers put emphasis on local news and information.
In addition, the small sized-papers’ websites lagged behind the large
and medium in both contents and technologies in this study.
The purpose of this study is to consider about journalism from Antonio
Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks. There were some issues that Gramsci’s writings
were applied in sociology of the mass media, however, a part of which were argued
within fragmentary viewpoints. Therefore, I have not only examined how
journalism was directly depicted, but discussed it with the other main themes
in Prison Notebooks ― “intellectuals”, “party”, “Americanism and Fordism”
and “philosophy of praxis”. In conclusion, I give three criticisms ― parties as
press; everyone be a journalist; war of information ― on the further studies.
The purpose of this paper is to historically examine the opinion poll – a
system which was introduced to Japan – and to provide a multi-layered illustration
of its viewpoint structure.
We will first look at the role which opinion polls played in GHQ, and identify
the positions of multiple polling organizations within the structure. Next, we
will examine the viewpoints established by sociologists employed by PO&SR,
and highlight the fact that they relied on applied sociology and acknowledged
the opinion polls as a social technology. This paper will re-examine the opinion
poll under the confused ideology of GHQ.
The purpose of this study is to examine the influences of‘ broadcast spillover
from Japan’ in Pusan, Korea in the 1950-70s and understand the cultural
meaning of the historical process. Japanese broadcast by spill-over not only has
influenced on Korean broadcast system deeply, but also has been enjoyed by
people as a kind of popular culture in everyday life in the situation that it had
been banned to import Japanese popular culture. What this study showed was
that a number of attitudes, gazes, and strategies on political, economical, social
and cultural levels have been involved complicatedly in this issue.
This paper aims to clarify class-consciousness and its changing process
appeared in popular newspapers in early modern Japan. The research is based
on a study of the /Yomiuri Shimbun/, /Tokyo Eiri Shimbun/, /Kanayomi Shimbun/
and some other newspapers in 1870s.
Until 1877, in the trend of civilization, writers and contributors of popular
newspapers had admonished urban people who were mainly comprised of artisans
and rickshaw drivers. But from mid-1877, as the trend became weaker, the
media began to consider it unnecessary to admonish them anymore, and started
to call them“ inferior class”