Neurosonology:神経超音波医学
Print ISSN : 0917-074X
9 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の4件中1~4を表示しています
  • 山崎 麻美, 中谷 進, 堀部 邦夫, 大槻 秀夫, 大津 司, 山中 一功, 金村 米博
    1996 年 9 巻 1 号 p. 3-6
    発行日: 1996/03/31
    公開日: 2010/10/14
    ジャーナル フリー
    Neuroendoscopic technique, less invasive than conventional methods, has been recently introduced for the fenestration of the cystic lesions of the brain in pediatric neurosurgery. However, real-time monitoring is desirable for endoscopic surgery in patients with congenital malformations where anatomical structure are distorted, aberrant blood vessels are often found and, the intracranial volume goes on changing during the procedure.
    Two cases of neuroendoscopic fenestration guided by color-coded sonography were presented. The first case was a 20-day-old boy who had interhemispheric multilocular arachnoid cysts. Neuroendoscopic fenestration of the cyst wall was performed at the age of 20 days and 5 months respectively. The second case was a fourteen-year-old boy with the cyst of cavum septi pellucidi and ventric lar dilatation. During endoscopic surgery color-coded sonography showed the direction of the endoscope, the position and motion of the tip of the endscope and the site of perforation performed. The blood vessels between or around cysts were also visualized. In both cases, cystic walls were perforated successfully and cysts were shrunken.
    It was indicated that color-coded sonography was useful for real-time monitoring in neuroendoscopic surgery particularly in neonates and infants.
  • 高橋 歩, 玉木 紀彦, 倉田 浩充
    1996 年 9 巻 1 号 p. 7-11
    発行日: 1996/03/31
    公開日: 2010/10/14
    ジャーナル フリー
    We tried to estimate the usefulness of intraoperative ultrasonography in neurosurgical field.
    The subjects were 20 patients with intracranial lesions and 9 patients with spinal lesions. The intraoperative ultrasound studies were performed after exposing the dura with a real-time ultrasound sector scanner and a 7 MHz probe (SSA-260A: Toshiba Medical Co, Ltd.) . Ultrasonography showed brain tumors as high intensity mass lesions. Major intracranial vessels were visualized well using color-coded sonography. Brain edema estimated by CT scan and MRI was not clearly identified. In Patients with spinal lesions, localizaton of lesions were identified clearly and operations were done with minimal myelotomy. The B-mode imaging is not so clear as CT scan and MRI. However, it is available intraoperatively and shows real-time localizations of vessels and intracranial or spinal lesions. This intraoperative sonography is beneficial for safe surgery of intracranial and spinal lesions.
  • 宮之原 正和, 間 英二, 薛 克良, 西丸 雄也, 真島 東一郎
    1996 年 9 巻 1 号 p. 12-16
    発行日: 1996/03/31
    公開日: 2010/10/14
    ジャーナル フリー
    内頸動脈起始部近傍の限局性動脈雑音 (b-ruit) 発生要因を狭窄度と血流速度から検討した.対象は脳梗塞で入院した273例, 動脈数521本である.血管撮影は140本に施行し, bruitの頻度は正常群2.2%, 49%以下狭窄群31.3%, 50~99%狭窄群14.3%, 閉塞群16.7%であった.超音波検査はB-mode及びカラー・パルスドプラ法により狭窄性病変と血流速度を測定した.超音波検査は406本に施行し, bruitの頻度は狭窄なし群25.8%, 乱流なし狭窄群39.4%, 乱流あり狭窄群75.0%, 閉塞群33.3%であり, 乱流がbruitの発生に関与していた.狭窄なし群の検討で, bruit (+) 群では収縮期流速の増大に伴う収縮期―拡張期の速度差の拡大が, 動脈壁の微細な変化とあいまってbruitを発生させると推測された.
  • 川口 正一郎, 榊 寿右, 森本 哲也, 石田 泰史, 西川 憲清
    1996 年 9 巻 1 号 p. 17-22
    発行日: 1996/03/31
    公開日: 2010/10/14
    ジャーナル フリー
    The usefulness of Doppler sonography (DS) of the ophthalmic artery (OA) for the screening of occlusive internal carotid artery (ICA) diseases was discussed and analyzed. [Materials and Methods] Forty-seven cases with abnormal findings of DS of OA were examined by cerebral angiography. There were 36 males and 11 females, Mean age was 59 years. Doppler sonography of the OA was performed using Bidirectional Doppler D-10. [Results] 1) The abnormal DS findings were classified into two patterns; an arch stenosis pattern (SP) in 21 cases and a reversed flow pattern (RP) in 26 cases. 2) On the angiograpm, SP cases showed ICA stenosis or occlusion with collateral flow through the intracranial vessels, while RP showed occlusive ICA lesions with collateral flow through the extracranial vessels. 3) In the most of the SP cases, the OA was filled normogradely, and in the most of the RP cases, the OA was filled retrogradely. [Conclusion] DS of the OA is a non-invasive examination and shows good correlation with the angiographical findings of ICA and OA. Therefore, DS of the OA could be useful for the screening of ischemic internal carotid artery diseases.
feedback
Top