We investigated the endoscopic and clinical features of esophageal-gastric varices in patients with pancreatic cancer. Among 96 patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at the time of diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, 26% were found to have varices caused by pancreatic cancer. The number of complications associated with varices of inoperable cancers was higher than that of operable cancers, probably due to the progression of pancreatic cancer. Management of these varices is important because they could reduce the quality of life and sudden bleeding could lead to interruption of chemotherapy.
We present a case of esophageal cancer with multiple lymph node metastases successfully performed early response evaluation for preoperative chemotherapy by FDG-PET. The decrease of SUV from baseline to 11 days after initiation of low-dose FP chemotherapy were 32.8% in the primary lesion, 60.4% in the cervical lymph node and 13.5% in the abdominal lymph node. He underwent extended radical esophagectomy 4 weeks after the end of chemotherapy. The histopathologic response was Grade 1 in the primary lesion, Grade 3 in the cervical lymph node and Grade 0 in the abdominal lymph node. The early response evaluation by FDG-PET in each lesions were consistent with histopathologic response evaluation of after chemotherapy.
We describe a 51-year-old man case of a huge gastric cancer with an initial presentation of isolated brain metastasis. The patient was successfully managed by gamma knife radiotherapy, followed by chemotherapy using 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin. He has continued oral administration of TS-1 on an outpatient basis with disease free survival for more than one year.
A 61-year-old man who had taken several kinds of psychotropic agents for schizophrenia from eighteen was admitted due to acute abdomen. In spite of any treatment he died after arrival. The autopsy revealed marked dilation of gastrointestinal tracts without necrosis through stomach to rectum and pathological examination disclosed hypoganglionosis of whole gastrointestinal wall. We thought that he died of abdominal compartment syndrome as a result of acute on chronic secondary pseudo-obstruction of gastrointestinal tracts due to acquired hypoganglionosis, megacolon, and aerophagia.
A 38-year-old woman suffering from lower abdominal pain was referred to our hospital. Abdominal computed tomography showed marked thickening of the terminal ileum to the cecum, localized collection of ascites, and multiple mesenteric lymphadenopathy. A barium contrast small bowel series showed solitary severe stenosis of the terminal ileum with marked swelling of the ileocecal valve, where colonoscopy could not pass through, suggesting that ileal stenosis was caused by intestinal tuberculosis. She also showed strongly positive tuberculin skin test. Laparoscopy-assisted ileocecal resection was performed for confirmation of diagnosis and removal of the stenotic intestinal lesion. Laparoscopically, numerous small red nodules scattered on the stenotic ileal serosa, peritoneum, and mesenterium. Histopathological examination revealed ileal tuberculosis causing ulcerative stricture, and mesenteric tuberculous lymphadenitis. The small red nodules were formed of hemorrhagic tuberculous nodules.
A 53-year-old man suffering from infectious endocarditis developed a rupture of the mitral valve tendinous cord. Consequently a mitral valvoplasty was performed. Forty days later, the patient presented with sudden and severe epigastralgia and hematemesis, and was rushed to our hospital. An arterial phase of an abdominal contrast-enhanced CT showed a mass 3cm in diameter which was strongly enhanced along the side of the hepatic portal region and therefore it was thought to be an aneurysm. An abdominal angiography revealed an aneurysm of the right hepatic artery. As a result, an embolization with coils was perfomed. Nine months after treatment, CT examination of the abdomen revealed that the aneurysm had completely disappeared.
A 67-year-old man admitted for abdominal pain. Abdominal CT showed a liver tumor 14cm in diameter in the right lobe, and a low density area spreading along the left branch of the Glisson's sheath. Serum protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II (PIVKA-II) level was found extremely high. Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) was performed three times, resulting the lesion reduced to 7cm in diameter. As the last TAE showed little effectiveness, we planed to percutaneous transhepatic portal embolization (PTPE) followed by extended right hepatectomy. After PTPE, PIVKA-II was normalized. Histologically, complete necrosis of the tumor lesions was observed in the resected liver.
A 37-year-old woman was admitted to a hospital with jaundice. Within a couple of weeks, her liver function improved with only symptomatic therapy. About 30 to 60 days before admission, she had taken a herbal medicine, bofu-tsu-sho-san. A diagnosis of drug-induced liver injury was made according to the diagnostic scale proposed at the Digestive Disease Week-Japan 2004. A drug-lymphocyte stimulation test for each ingredient of bofu-tsu-sho-san; the results were positive for Cnidii Rhizoma, Angelicae Radix and Menthae Herba. The liver biopsy specimen revealed features of acute hepatitis. Physicians should be aware that bofu-tsu-sho-san can cause liver injury, as this drug is commonly used as an over-the-counter medicine.