In this study, we analyzed the clinical courses and the pregnancy outcomes in Japanese women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in our hospital in the recent 10 years. We analyzed 49 pregnancies in 38 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 24 pregnancies in 16 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) retrospectively. The results indicated that pregnancy has less influence on the clinical courses of IBD and that IBD also has less influence on the pregnancy outcomes. However, we should pay attention to the results that the patients with CD tend to deteriorate if conception occurs when CD is active and that patients with active UC tend to have more adverse pregnancy outcomes than patients in remission. In conclusion, patients with IBD are recommended to become pregnant when the diseases are in remission and treatment using selected safe medications should be continued during the pregnancy.
Miriplatin is a novel lipophilic platinum complex developed to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Although HCC patients frequently have coexisting chronic renal failure, there is no reliable data regarding clinical toxicity of miriplatin in HCC patients with chronic renal failure. We retrospectively evaluated the safety and efficacy of transcatheter arterial chemotherapy with miriplatin in 67 HCC patients with chronic renal failure (estimated glomerular filtration rate [GFR] by the Cockcroft-Gault equation <60ml/min). Estimated GFR within 2 months after miriplatin administration did not decrease significantly by the Wilcoxon signed rank test (pretreatment;46ml/min, 1 month;48ml/min;P=0.019, 2 months;45ml/min;P=0.619 [P<0.003 was significant by the Bonferroni correction]). Complete response in terms of tumor necrosis was achieved in 14 of 67 patients and no serious adverse events were observed. These results suggested that transcatheter arterial chemotherapy with miriplatin can be used safely for HCC patients with chronic renal failure.
We report an 87-year-old woman who was admitted to our hospital due to anemia and extremely elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels. We diagnosed advanced gastric cancer with disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow and multiple bone metastasis. She was immediately treated with low-dose S-1 (50mg/body, p.o., days 1-14) and zoledronic acid hydrate (4mg/body, i.v., day 1) to avoid disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). After 1 course of the treatment, she could completely avoid DIC and we found the primary lesion and the metastasis had decreased. Now she is an outpatient and continues treatment without relapse for about 6 months. We consider low-dose S-1 and zoledronic acid hydrate combination therapy to be an effective strategy against advanced gastric cancer with disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow and multiple bone metastasis in very elderly cases.
A 36-year-old man admitted for upper abdominal pain and fever. Enhanced abdominal computed tomography showed a cystic tumor with an air fluid level, measuring 140mm in size, along the side of the first and second portions of the duodenum. The common bile duct, portal vein, and proper hepatic artery were displaced by the tumor. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed duodenal ulcer, but fistula was not confirmed. Combining all imaging and clinical findings, it was clinically diagnosed as duodenal submucosal tumor with abscess, and elective surgery was performed. There was a huge mass in the Morrison pouch, with severe adhesion to the second portion of the duodenum, gall bladder, common bile duct, and transverse colon. Subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy with transverse colectomy was performed. A fistula from the second portion of the duodenum to the tumor was confirmed on the resected specimen. Histological examination showed gastrointestinal stromal tumor originating in the duodenum.
This patient is a male in his 30's. He was diagnosed as hepatitis B virus-related huge primary liver cancer, 10cm in diameter, located in segment 4, accompanied with left portal thrombus and multiple lung metastases. Ten months after repeating systemic chemotherapy using gemcitabine (GEM)+carboplatin (CBDCA)+5-FU/leucovorin (LV) and hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy with cisplatin (CDDP) 4 times, extended left lobectomy with caudate lobe could be successfully performed because of marked reducion of the huge tumor. The pathology revealed almost entirely necrotic changes of the main tumor, and the remaining, viable tumor nests showed combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma. Systemic chemotherapy was repeatedly given afterwards, which kept the pulmonary metastases stable without growth. The present case suggests that systemic chemotherapy using GEM+CBDCA+5-FU/LV may be useful in the multimodal treatment for the combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma with distant metastases.
A 68-year-old man with chronic hepatitis C and of a heavy drinker was admitted to our hospital because of a huge liver tumor (10cm in diameter) in segment-5 detected on CT in July 2009. One month later, the size of liver tumor was reduced to 5cm in diameter and another liver tumor of 1cm in segment-3 was detected on CT. AFP and AFP-L3 spontaneously decreased to normal range. In October, a partial hepatectomy was performed. The resected specimen demonstrated complete necrosis with thick capsule. The tumor in segment-3 became equivocal without resection. We considered this is a case of spontaneous complete necrosis of hepatocellular carcinoma.
A 71-year-old woman was found in gastroendoscopic examination to have a type 2 tumor at the posterior wall of the stomach with two type 0-IIa early adenocarcinomas at the lesser curvature and anterior wall. She underwent distal gastrectomy. Pathological evaluation of the type 2 tumor was mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma and that of two type 0-IIa tumors were well differentiated tubular adenocarcinomas. The solitary metastasis was found in liver S8 on 15th month though S-1 was taken after the operation. Partial resection of the liver was performed, and its histological findings were similar to the mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma of the stomach. After adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1+CPT-11 during half a year, S-1 single therapy was done for 16 months, and there is no evidence of recurrence for 28 months after liver resection.
A 40's woman had a cystic lesion in the tail of the pancreas that had grown over a 1.5-year period. Endoscopic ultrasound revealed a partition structure and "cyst-in-cyst" like lesion, and a diagnosis of mucinous cystic neoplasm was made. The patient underwent distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy. Following histological examination, our final diagnosis was revised to unilocular serous cystic neoplasm since the increase in cysts was due to hemorrhage and the partition structure was in fact granulation tissue. We here discuss this rare case with reference to previous published reports.