A multicenter, randomized, double-blind study comparing the efficacy and safety of esomeprazole 20mg/day (E20) and 10mg/day (E10) with omeprazole 10mg/day (O10) for maintenance of remission in patients with healed reflux esophagitis (RE). For RE, at week 24, the estimated Kaplan-Meier recurrence-free rates were 92.0%, 87.5%, and 82.7% in the E20, E10, and O10 groups, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between the E20 and O10 groups (p=0.007). Drug-related adverse events tended to be mild but were reported at rates of 9.0%, 8.0%, and 5.3% in the E20, E10, and O10 groups, respectively. Compared with omeprazole, maintenance therapy with 20mg esomeprazole was generally well tolerated and effective for RE.
We describe a rare case of ulcerative colitis (UC) with lymphoid follicular proctitis (LFP) extending discontinuously from the rectum to the ascending colon. The patient was a 42-year-old female presenting with a positive fecal occult blood test. Colonoscopy revealed erosions and disappearance of vascular patterns in the ascending colon and lower rectum, together with circumferential, uniform, granular lesions in the lower rectum. Histological examinations of the rectal biopsy specimens revealed lymphoid follicles, hyperplasia, and infiltration of chronic inflammatory cells. We suspected rectal and segmental UC with LFP. Initially, the patient was managed conservatively because of the lack of symptoms; however, on developing mucoid stools and haematochezia, mesalazine administration was started. Her symptoms and endoscopic findings resolved completely. LFP is closely associated with UC. Therefore, while diagnosing and managing LFP, it is necessary to ascertain or rule out potential complications.
An 84-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of blood in the stool. He had previously undergone a subtotal colectomy and ileostomy with a mucous fistula of the sigmoid colon because of a large bowel hemorrhage of unknown origin. Five years later, a minor hemorrhage developed in the remnant rectum. The clinical history, colonoscopic findings, and the histology of the diverted colon specimens were suggestive of diversion colitis. Treatment was initiated with short-chain fatty acid enema, but slight blood loss through the stool continued;thus, the patient was administered 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) enema. Subsequently, his symptoms and endoscopic findings improved. 5-ASA enema appears to be both safe and effective in the treatment of diversion colitis following intestinal tract surgery.
A 55-year-old man presented at our hospital with a large polypoid esophageal tumor. Initial upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed that this tumor had sloughed off to be replaced with ulceration in the thoracic esophagus. However, after the tumor at the thoracic esophagus sloughed off, a semi-circular, superficial, flat squamous cell carcinoma was observed adjacent to the ulceration. In addition, a separate carcinosarcoma, 2cm in diameter, was found at the esophagogastric junction. Approximately one month later, endoscopic re-examination revealed a new polypoid tumor approximately 4cm in diameter that was growing rapidly in the center of the superficial thoracic esophageal carcinoma lesion. Standard subtotal esophagectomy was performed. Histopathological examination revealed that both lesions were esophageal carcinosarcomas. This is a rare case of double esophageal carcinosarcoma associated with rapid polypoid tumor growth from a superficial squamous cell carcinoma lesion.
A 22-year-old man complaining of persisting high fever and right hypochondralgia was admitted to our hospital for infectious mononucleosis with splenic infarction detected by computed tomography. The splenic infarction deteriorated with a marked elevation of inflammatory parameters. This necessitated the commencement of methylprednisolone pulse therapy, resulting in prompt amelioration of inflammation and a reduction in cytokine levels. Including our case, only 9 cases of mononucleosis with splenic infarction have been reported to date; however, splenic infarction should be considered because it is a significant complication of infectious mononucleosis.
Reports of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) caused by the Streptococcus anginosus group (SAG) have increased. Coinfection with SAG and anaerobic bacteria enhances the tendency for abscess formation. Furthermore, it has been reported that SAG infection results in pylethrombophlebitis as a complication. We experienced 3 cases of PLA caused by SAG: one case was complicated by the development of pylethrombophlebitis and the other 2 cases had coinfection with anaerobic bacteria. We report these cases together with bibliographic consideration of 23 cases previously reported in Japan.
We report a case of a 47-year-old female patient with ceftriaxone (CTRX)-associated pseudolithiasis. CTRX was administered at a dosage of 2g/day for 8 days because of colonic diverticulitis. A routine abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan was performed to investigate the diverticulitis. However, the CT scan demonstrated stones and sludge in the gallbladder, which had not been present before CTRX administration. Therefore, we diagnosed the patient with pseudolithiasis caused by CTRX and stopped CTRX administration. The stones and sludge disappeared 6 days after stopping CTRX administration. This underreported adverse effect of CTRX should be considered when treating both children and adult patients.
A 51-year-old man presenting with fever, weight loss and general fatigue was diagnosed with jaundice and liver tumors and admitted to our hospital for further investigation and treatment. We diagnosed multiple pyogenic liver abscesses, obstructive jaundice, and silent syphilis. The patient was successfully treated with endoscopic biliary stenting, endoscopic nasobiliary drainage, percutaneous transhepatic abscess drainage, and, most effectively, transcatheter regional hepatic arterial infusion with antibiotics. We speculated that the decline in neutrophil phagocytic function may concern to occur the pyogenic liver abscess.