Background: Mesenteric phlebosclerosis (MP) is a relatively rare disease of the colon. An association between MP and Chinese herbal medicine intake has recently been recognized. Subjects and methods: In the present study, we investigated the association between MP and Chinese herbal medicine intake in 42 patients, including those reported in the literature as well as those treated by us. Results: Approximately 90% patients treated by us reported a history of Chinese herbal medicine intake, particularly kamishoyosan, orengedokuto, and sanshishi (gardeniae fructus), the lattermost being consumed by the majority of patients as a crude herbal medicine. Discussion: Several MP patients report a history of Chinese herbal medicine intake. Furthermore, symptoms are exacerbated in MP patients who continue to consume the medicine after onset. Interestingly, MP was reported to develop in a married couple who had consumed the same Chinese herbal medicine for a prolonged period. These findings suggest that the intake of Chinese herbal medicine, particularly sanshishi, is strongly associated with MP development.
A 68-year-old female presented to our hospital with abdominal discomfort and obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. She had been prescribed aspirin for retinal venous occlusion. Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) revealed multiple erosions, annular ulcers, and bleeding, confirming a diagnosis of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced enteropathy. Virtual enteroscopy (VE) was performed to evaluate stenosis of the small intestine, during which a 5-cm long diverticulum was incidentally detected at a site 99cm from the ileocecal valve. On the basis of the location, size, and shape, a diagnosis of Meckel's diverticulum was made. Second look of the VCE images could not detect the Meckel's diverticulum. After the cessation of taking aspirin, the patient had no more abdominal symptoms, and we concluded NSAID-induced enteropathy was the cause of the symptoms. Meckel's diverticula are sometimes difficult to diagnose, but VE was able to depict the lesion clearly. Meckel's diverticulum is one of the best indications for VE.
A 44-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with abdominal pain. Enhanced abdominal computed tomography demonstrated intraperitoneal free air and fluid collection. Peritonitis due to intestinal perforation was suspected and an emergency laparotomy was performed. Exploration of the abdominal cavity confirmed perforation of the ileum at a site 20cm from the terminal ileum. Therefore, we performed partial ileal resection that included the perforation and placed an ileostomy. Histopathological examination of the ileum revealed infiltration of eosinophilic leukocytes between the submucosal and subserosal layers, compatible with the diagnosis of eosinophilic gastroenteritis.
A 77-year-old man with primary biliary cirrhosis was admitted to our hospital with a complaint of dysphagia. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed multiple ulcers in the oral cavity and pharynx, with circumferential ulceration in the cervical and upper thoracic esophagus. It was difficult to pass the endoscope through the upper thoracic esophagus, indicating stenosis. The patient was referred to the ophthalmology department for ocular lesions, where he was diagnosed with symblepharon due to ocular pemphigoid. Furthermore, direct immunofluorescence microscopy of esophageal biopsy specimens revealed linear deposits of IgG, IgA, and C3 in the epithelial basement membrane zone. On the basis of these findings, a diagnosis of mucous membranous pemphigoid was made.
A 69-year-old man was involved in a road traffic accident wherein his car hit a telegraph pole and turned over. He reported wearing a seatbelt and denied any injuries or pain at that time. Six hours after the accident, however, he developed melena and hematemesis. Computed tomography performed on admission to our hospital revealed no evidence of traumatic pneumothorax, intra-abdominal bleeding, or pneumoperitoneum. However, there was evidence of contrast medium leakage from the stomach. Emergency endoscopy revealed a mucosal laceration on the lesser curvature in the cardiac region, with evidence of arterial hemorrhage from visible vessels. Hemostasis was achieved endoscopically by injection of hypertonic saline-epinephrine and clipping. Endoscopic treatment of gastric injury following blunt abdominal trauma is rare. Here we report a case and present a review of the relevant literature.
A 53-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with a round, discolored lesion measuring 4mm in diameter that was identified as a minute gastric signet ring cell carcinoma. According to the Japanese classification of gastric carcinoma, it was graded as type 0-IIb. Seven years back, the woman had undergone pylorus-side gastrectomy for a small signet ring cell carcinoma, and the present lesion was assumed to result from heterochrony and ectopic recurrence. Endoscopic submucosal dissection was performed for the minute lesion. Clinicopathological findings revealed gastric mucosal cancer without invading lymph vessels or veins, similar to the previous lesion. We therefore report two very rare lesions in the same case. This case report demonstrates the importance of performing regular follow-up gastroduodenoscopy to detect recurrence in patients with these lesions.
A 59-year-old man was admitted following episodes of melena. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a type 2 carcinoid-like tumor in the cardium of the stomach. Histopathological analysis of a biopsy specimen revealed adenocarcinoma. Although hepatic metastases were detected, total gastrectomy was initially performed for hemorrhage control. The final histopathological diagnosis of the resected primary tumor was gastric carcinosarcoma with an osteosarcoma component. After ineffective first-line combination therapy with S-1 (tegafur, gimeracil, and oteracil) and cisplatin, irinotecan and mitomycin C chemotherapy was introduced. Although the hepatic metastases showed shrinkage after three courses of the chemotherapy, the patient succumbed seven months after surgery. This case report suggests that systemic chemotherapy using irinotecan and mitomycin C may be effective in the treatment of gastric carcinosarcoma with an osteosarcoma component and distant metastases.
A 64-year-old woman presented to our hospital with subcutaneous tumors in the right thoracic region. After undergoing a thorough medical evaluation, she was diagnosed with multiple skin metastases arising from cancer of the descending colon. Surgical resection of the primary lesion was performed and FOLFIRI (5-fluorouracil, levofolinate calcium, irinotecan) and cetuximab chemotherapy for the metastases was initiated. The patient subsequently entered remission and did not experience any major side effects. This case report details an effective therapy for colon cancer with multiple skin metastases and presents a discussion of the expression profiles of epidermal growth factor receptor in both the primary and metastatic lesions.