A 65-year-old man was referred to our hospital with a primary complaint of unintentional weight loss. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a large duodenal tumor, and computed tomography (CT) showed tumor invasion of the pancreatic head, associated with lymph node swelling around the tumor and abdominal aorta. After 4 courses of chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (mFOLFOX6), follow-up upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and biopsy showed no evidence of a duodenal tumor. However, follow-up CT showed persistent lymph node swelling near the superior mesenteric artery. The patient therefore underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy with curative intent. At 18 months after the surgery, there were no findings suggestive of tumor recurrence.
A 72-year-old man underwent transverse colostomy for sigmoid colon cancer with multiple liver metastases. Subsequent chemotherapy effectively reduced liver metastases, and sigmoidectomy was performed. However, the liver metastases recurred and the patient developed stomal varices due to portal hypertension. To control the resulting massive variceal bleeding, we performed percutaneous sclerotherapy through a varicose vein, which was puncutured directly under ultrasound (US) guidance. Although the patient recovered from variceal bleeding, he eventually died due to the primary cancer.
We report abdominal bleeding caused by an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of the gastroepiploic artery. A 20-year-old man visited our hospital with epigastric pain and hypovolemic shock. Contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography revealed a high-density region within a huge low-density mass. Angiography revealed AVF of the gastroepiploic artery. Therefore, we performed transcatheter arterial embolization using n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (Histoacryl®) to control the intraperitoneal hemorrhage.
A 70-year-old man with liver cirrhosis presented to us with abdominal distention. Computed tomography revealed a giant retroperitoneal tumor. Examination of a biopsy specimen led to a diagnosis of primary inflammatory fibrosarcoma of the retroperitoneum. However, disease progression was rapid, and the patient died 6 weeks after the onset of the disease. Autopsy revealed that the tumor arose from the retroperitoneum and infiltrated the omentum and mesentery. Prognosis of inflammatory fibrosarcoma is poor if resection is incomplete. Establishment of treatment for unresectable cases is necessary.
A woman in her 80s was admitted to our hospital on account of jaundice, abnormal liver function tests, and leukocytosis. She was diagnosed with adult T-cell leukemia on the basis of the presence of anti-human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) and the results of flow cytometric analysis of peripheral blood. She also showed lung consolidation and cavitation, and a sputum smear and culture revealed cryptococcal infection. Therefore, she was diagnosed with pulmonary cryptococcosis. However, the cause of the abnormal liver function tests and jaundice remained unclear, and the patient subsequently died. On autopsy, multiple granulomas were observed throughout the liver, consistent with cryptococcal bodies. Herein we report this rare case of hepatic cryptococcosis with predominant hepatobiliary complaints.
A 55-year-old man presented with general malaise in May 2012. On reviewing his clinical records in 1989, we found that he had a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the left lobe, for which he had undergone left lobectomy in November 1989. However, there was no record of any follow-up examination from 1996 to 2011. Computed tomography in May 2012 revealed a right adrenal gland tumor measuring 8.5×6.5cm, which we treated by right adrenalectomy. Postoperative pathological examination showed this to be a metastasis of poorly differentiated HCC. To the best of our knowledge, no previous study has reported HCC recurrence such a long duration after HCC resection.