We report a rare case of ectopic pancreatic cancer in the mesentery of the jejunum. A 68-year-old man presented with left abdominal pain. Contrast-enhanced abdominal CT revealed a 3-cm tumor in the mesentery near the ligament of Treitz. He had required surgery for gastric cancer 28 years ago;therefore, surgery was scheduled on the suspicion of recurrence/metastasis of gastric cancer or gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and mesenteric tumors. A tumor was observed in the mesentery of the jejunum of the ligament of Treitz. Histopathology showed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, and it was diagnosed as a primary ductal pancreatic cancer (Heinrich classification, not classifiable).
A 54-year-old male patient underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, which revealed a 25-mm brown region in the angular section of the greater curvature of the stomach. The region was histologically determined to be gastric mucosa with an accumulation of histiocytes containing eosinophilic substances in the cytoplasm and chronic inflammatory cell infiltration. Histiocytes were immunohistologically positive for CD68, IgG, and κ. Based on these findings, the patient was diagnosed with gastric crystal-storing histiocytosis comprised of histiocytes phagocytosing IgG-κ-type immunoglobulin. This is a rare disease of which there have been no previous reports that included long-term follow-up. Here, we report the case with a literature review.
A 54-year-old man presented to our department with abdominal discomfort and anorexia and was diagnosed as having Ménétrier's disease (MD) with hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Based on his clinical examination, there was no evidence of Helicobacter pylori or cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. Although we administered proton pump inhibitor and high-calorie enteral nutrition, hypoproteinemia did not improve, and the refractory protein-losing enteropathy persisted. However, interestingly, MD improved immediately after resection of the hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Generally, the etiology of MD is unknown, but H. pylori and CMV infections have been implicated. To our knowledge, there has been no previous report indicating that a malignant tumor could be involved in the etiology of MD. Thus, we report an extremely rare case of MD which is seemingly caused by malignancy.
We report a case of resected hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) after drug-eluting bead transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE). A 67-year-old man with alcoholic liver disease was diagnosed with HCCs. Serological markers for hepatitis B and C viruses were negative. Among tumor markers, alpha-fetoprotein was 2.7ng/mL, and protein induced by vitamin K absence II was 868mAU/mL. Two HCCs were detected using dynamic computed tomography: one was 9cm in diameter in S8 and the other was 2cm in diameter in S4. We performed DEB-TACE using HepaSphere® and epirubicin. DEB-TACE was repeated three times in three months. Severe postembolization syndrome was not seen with any treatment. Four weeks after the last DEB-TACE, we performed surgical resection. Histopathological study revealed dense distribution of numerous bead particles in necrotic tumor tissue. Otherwise, in non-cancerous tissue, some beads were in portal areas, without necrotic change. Granulomas from foreign body reaction with giant cells were present around the beads. There were no necrotic changes in the smaller HCC, the intrahepatic metastatic nodules, or the microscopic invasion to the portal vein. In conclusion, DEB-TACE would be a useful treatment for huge HCCs; however, patients should be monitored for early recurrence from residual tumor tissue. This study will be helpful to perform DEB-TACE in the future.
A 69-year-old man with a history of pulmonary tuberculosis presented with fever. He tested positive for the QuantiFERON TB-2G and human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 antibodies. Imaging revealed a mass in the neck of the gallbladder, with periportal lymph node enlargement and penetration into the duodenum. A definite diagnosis could not be made, even with a subsequent detailed examination. Finally, cholecystectomy and a lymph node biopsy were performed. Histopathology revealed a caseating granuloma in the lymph nodes and in the serosa of the gallbladder, and polymerase chain reaction was positive for tuberculosis. Therefore, the patient was diagnosed with abdominal tuberculosis lymphadenitis extending into the gallbladder and duodenum.